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Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)

Forfatter af Ethics

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Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the son of Portuguese Jewish refugees who had fled from the persecution of the Spanish Inquisition. Although reared in the Jewish community, he rebelled against its religious views and practices, and in 1656 was formally excommunicated from the vis mere Portuguese-Spanish Synagogue of Amsterdam and was thus effectively cast out of the Jewish world. He joined a group of nonconfessional Christians (although he never became a Christian), the Collegiants, who professed no creeds or practices but shared a spiritual brotherhood. He was also apparently involved with the Quaker mission in Amsterdam. Spinoza eventually settled in The Hague, where he lived quietly, studying philosophy, science, and theology, discussing his ideas with a small circle of independent thinkers, and earning his living as a lens grinder. He corresponded with some of the leading philosophers and scientists of his time and was visited by Leibniz and many others. He is said to have refused offers to teach at Heidelberg or to be court philosopher for the Prince of Conde. During his lifetime he published only two works, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy (1666) and the Theological Political Tractatus (1670). In the first his own theory began to emerge as the consistent consequence of that of Descartes (see also Vol. 5). In the second, he gave his reasons for rejecting the claims of religious knowledge and elaborated his theory of the independence of the state from all religious factions. After his death (probably caused by consumption resulting from glass dust), his major work, the Ethics, appeared in his Opera Posthuma, and presented the full metaphysical basis of his pantheistic view. Spinoza's influence on the Enlightenment, on the Romantic Age, and on modern secularism has been tremendous. (Bowker Author Biography) vis mindre

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Omfatter også: Espinosa (1)

Image credit: From Wikipedia


Værker af Baruch Spinoza

Ethics (1677) 2,835 eksemplarer
Teologisk-politisk afhandling (1670) 974 eksemplarer
Spinoza: Complete Works (1955) 239 eksemplarer
Political Treatise (1675) 117 eksemplarer
Spinoza Selections (1930) 101 eksemplarer
Briefwisseling (1925) 100 eksemplarer
Philosophy of Benedict de Spinoza (1927) 98 eksemplarer
The Ethics and Selected Letters (1982) — Forfatter — 70 eksemplarer
Principles of Descartes Philosophy (1905) 55 eksemplarer
Chief works (1951) 50 eksemplarer
Etica-Trattato teologico-politico (1980) 38 eksemplarer
Philosophy of Benedict De Spinoza (1933) 30 eksemplarer
Traité politique ; Lettres (1966) 26 eksemplarer
Korte geschriften (1982) 19 eksemplarer
De draagbare Spinoza (1992) 15 eksemplarer
Spinoza 14 eksemplarer
The Book of God (1958) 13 eksemplarer
De uitgelezen Spinoza (1999) 13 eksemplarer
Reflections and Maxims (1965) 11 eksemplarer
Letters to friend and foe (1966) 11 eksemplarer
Writings on political philosophy (1937) 10 eksemplarer
Os Pensadores - Espinosa (1997) 10 eksemplarer
The Works of Benedict de Spinoza (2010) 9 eksemplarer
La libertà di pensiero (2014) 8 eksemplarer
Obras completas (1966) 8 eksemplarer
Staatkundige verhandeling (2014) 6 eksemplarer
De Dios (Ética) (2007) 5 eksemplarer
Éthique (2021) 4 eksemplarer
Pisma wczesne (2009) 4 eksemplarer
Traktaty. Etyka 4 eksemplarer
De la droite manière de vivre (2016) 3 eksemplarer
Œuvres complètes (2022) 3 eksemplarer
מאמר על תיקון השכל (1972) 3 eksemplarer
Spinoza (2000) 3 eksemplarer
La superstizione 3 eksemplarer
Antología (1986) 2 eksemplarer
Spinoza 2 eksemplarer
Etica: passi scelti 2 eksemplarer
国家論 (岩波文庫) (1976) 2 eksemplarer
Spinoza (1996) 2 eksemplarer
Spinoza I: Etica 2 eksemplarer
Tratado político (2023) 2 eksemplarer
Ifjúkori művek (1956) 2 eksemplarer
Wijsgeerige fragmenten 2 eksemplarer
Dio 2 eksemplarer
Traktaty (2000) 2 eksemplarer
איגרות 2 eksemplarer
Ethica / druk 7 2 eksemplarer
Spinoza de Brieven over God (2016) 2 eksemplarer
Sämmtliche Werke 1 eksemplar
اخلاق 1 eksemplar
tica 1 eksemplar
The Rationalists 1 eksemplar
L'Etica 1 eksemplar
Törebilim (2020) 1 eksemplar
Opera. 2 Bände: Werke 1 und 2 (2011) 1 eksemplar
Politiek traktaat 1 eksemplar
Philosophie et politique (1985) 1 eksemplar
Oeuvres 3. Éthique 1 eksemplar
Ingen titel 1 eksemplar
Oeuvres completes 1 eksemplar
מאמר מדיני (1982) 1 eksemplar
Spinoza 1 eksemplar
Spinoza on Freedom of Thought; (2021) 1 eksemplar
Tratado pol©Ưtico 1 eksemplar
Tanribilimsel Politik Inceleme (2008) 1 eksemplar
Briefwechsel (1977) 1 eksemplar
Espinosa 1 eksemplar
Kisa Inceleme (2015) 1 eksemplar
Spinoza [opere di] 1 eksemplar
Spinoza (1998) 1 eksemplar
Selected Letters 1 eksemplar
Éthique 1 eksemplar
Opere scelte 1 eksemplar
Tom. 3-4 1 eksemplar
Tom. 1-2 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Bidragyder — 427 eksemplarer
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Forfatter, nogle udgaver181 eksemplarer
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Bidragyder — 181 eksemplarer
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Bidragyder — 172 eksemplarer
A golden treasury of Jewish literature (1937) — Bidragyder — 74 eksemplarer
Materialism and the mind-body problem (1971) — Bidragyder — 70 eksemplarer
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Bidragyder — 49 eksemplarer
Britannica Great Books: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza (1990) — Bidragyder — 19 eksemplarer
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Bidragyder, nogle udgaver16 eksemplarer

Satte nøgleord på

Almen Viden

Kanonisk navn
Spinoza, Baruch
Juridisk navn
Espinosa, Baruch
Spinosa, Bento de
Andre navne
Spinoza, Benedictus de
Spinoza, Baruch de
Cemetery of the New Church on the Spui, The Hague, Netherlands
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Rijnsburg, Netherlands
Pereira yeshibah, Amsterdam, Netherlands
lens grinder
Kort biografi
Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, to a Sephardic Jewish family whose recent ancestors had been expelled from or fled Spain and Portugal. He received a thorough education, including the study of medieval philosophy as well as the works of Descartes, Hobbes, and other contemporaries. He became a key philosopher and writer laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment, though the importance of his work was not fully realized until many years after his death.
Based on his radical views, the Jewish religious authorities in Amsterdam banned him from their society at age 23. Around this time, he adopted the Latin form of his name, Benedictus de Spinoza. He made a living grinding optical lenses, and continued his scholarly writing. He died in 1677 at age 44, allegedly of a lung illness, perhaps caused by the dust inhaled during his work. Of his writings, only A Treatise on Religious and Political Philosophy (1670) was published during his lifetime. His books Ethics, Political Treatise, and Hebrew Grammar appeared posthumously in 1677.



Mini flash-mob for Spinoza's Library i Legacy Libraries (oktober 2012)
I believe in the God of Spinoza Albert Einstein i Philosophy and Theory (august 2009)


Fascinating--I'm glad I finally read this. Being raised an Atheist and knowing little about religion, I found this book very challenging, but informative. Spinoza's ultimate message seems to be that God/Religion is in the world around us--i.e. nature is God and God is nature. I'm surprised that he was allowed to advance this philosopy at the time that he did. He also seemed to employ quite a bit of sarcasm, which also surprised me, but which enlivened the reading.
lschiff | 10 andre anmeldelser | Sep 24, 2023 |
My first reading of many. A familiarisation of Spinoza's philosophical landscape. It is at times confusing and at times beautiful.
Nealmaro | 39 andre anmeldelser | Jul 28, 2023 |
Must read. Spinoza's Ethics translated by none other than the glorious George Eliot.
wmperez | 39 andre anmeldelser | Jun 24, 2023 |
Wow, so many 5's and rave reviews from Goodreads readers, but why, why, why? All these definitions, propositions, and demonstrations trying to lay out a logical proof make for such ponderous reading. What Spinoza presents is basically a vision. Why not present it as an extended essay, or better yet, a suitable philosophical form such as allegory, dialog -- or even better yet, an extended poem (Dante surely comes to mind). Why does Spinoza choose for his medium something as dry as a logical proof? The untutored won't be able to follow it and the well tutored, if they value their time, seem likely to poke holes in it, shrug, sigh, and move on. If I want to find out what Spinoza is about, I'll start by reading about Spinoza. I won't wear our my molars on this.… (mere)
Cr00 | 39 andre anmeldelser | Apr 1, 2023 |



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