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Albert Einstein (1879–1955)

Forfatter af Relativity: The Special and General Theory

326+ Works 14,170 Members 116 Reviews 34 Favorited

Om forfatteren

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm. He spent his childhood in Munich where his family owned a small machine shop. By the age of twelve, Einstein had taught himself Euclidean Geometry. His family moved to Milan, where he stayed for a year, and he used it as an excuse to drop out of vis mere school, which bored him. He finished secondary school in Aarau, Switzerland and entered the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. Einstein graduated in 1900, by studying the notes of a classmate since he did not attend his classes out of boredom, again. His teachers did not like him and would not recomend him for a position in the University. For two years, Einstein worked as a substitute teacher and a tutor before getting a job, in 1902, as an examiner for a Swiss patent office in Bern. In 1905, he received his doctorate from the University of Zurich for a theoretical dissertation on the dimension of molecules. Einstein also published three theoretical papers of central importance to the development of 20th Century physics. The first was entitled "Brownian Motion," and the second "Photoelectric Effort," which was a revolutionary way of thinking and contradicted tradition. No one accepted the proposals of the first two papers. Then the third one was published in 1905 and called "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies." Einstein's words became what is known today as the special theory of relativity and said that the physical laws are the same in all inertial reference systems and that the speed of light in a vacuum is a universal constant. Virtually no one understood or supported Einstein's argument. Einstein left the patent office in 1907 and received his first academic appointment at the University of Zurich in 1909. In 1911, he moved to a German speaking university in Prague, but returned to Swiss National Polytechnic in Zurich in 1912. By 1914, Einstein was appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics in Berlin. His chief patron in those early days was German physicist Max Planck and lent much credibility to Einstein's work. Einstein began working on generalizing and extending his theory of relativity, but the full general theory was not published until 1916. In 1919, he predicted that starlight would bend in the vicinity of a massive body, such as the sun. This theory was confirmed during a solar eclipse and cause Einstein to become world renowned after the phenomenon. Einstein received be Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. With his new fame, Einstein attempted to further his own political and social views. He supported pacifism and Zionism and opposed Germany's involvement in World War I. His support of Zionism earned him attacks from both Anti-Semitic and right wing groups in Germany. Einstein left Germany for the United States when Hitler came into power, taking a position at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. Once there, he renounced his stand on pacifism in the face of Nazi rising power. In 1939 he collaborated with other physicists in writing a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt informing him of the possibility that the Nazis may in fact be attempting to create an atomic bomb. The letter bore only Einstein's signature but lent credence to the letter and spurred the U.S. race to create the bomb first. Einstein became an American citizen in 1940. After the war, Einstein was active in international disarmament as well as world government. He was offered the position of President of Israel but turned the honor down. Albert Einstein died on April 18, 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey. (Bowker Author Biography) vis mindre
Image credit: Albert Einstein in 1947 [Photograph by Oren Jack Turner, Princeton, N.J.; source: Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID cph.3b46036]

Serier

Værker af Albert Einstein

Perspektiver og udsyn (1934) 1,932 eksemplarer
The World as I See It (1934) 1,029 eksemplarer
The Meaning of Relativity (1922) 736 eksemplarer
Out of My Later Years (1950) 665 eksemplarer
The Principle of Relativity (1923) 403 eksemplarer
The World As I See It (Abridged) (2001) 238 eksemplarer
Essays in Science (1934) 227 eksemplarer
The Theory of Relativity & Other Essays (1950) — Forfatter — 168 eksemplarer
Albert Einstein, The Human Side (1979) 164 eksemplarer
Essays in Humanism (1950) 153 eksemplarer
Sidelights on Relativity (1983) 148 eksemplarer
Why War? (1934) 141 eksemplarer
The Quotable Einstein (1996) 121 eksemplarer
The Expanded Quotable Einstein (1996) 92 eksemplarer
The New Quotable Einstein (2005) 89 eksemplarer
Einstein on Peace (1605) 74 eksemplarer
Letters to Solovine: 1906-1955 (1987) 69 eksemplarer
The Ultimate Quotable Einstein (1996) 57 eksemplarer
Living Philosophies (1931) 57 eksemplarer
Teoria dei quanti di luce (1992) 45 eksemplarer
Albert Einstein (2003) 38 eksemplarer
Pensieri di un uomo curioso (1997) 30 eksemplarer
Out of My Later Years / Relativity (2000) 27 eksemplarer
Why Socialism? (1949) 26 eksemplarer
Autobiographical Notes (1982) 25 eksemplarer
Briefe. (1981) 24 eksemplarer
The Einstein Reader (2006) 16 eksemplarer
Autobiografia scientifica (1979) 16 eksemplarer
İzafiyet Teorisi (2004) 13 eksemplarer
Om naturvetenskapen (1963) 12 eksemplarer
Notas autobiográficas (1995) 11 eksemplarer
Conceptions scientifiques (1999) 11 eksemplarer
Essential Einstein (1995) 10 eksemplarer
Opere scelte (1988) 10 eksemplarer
Pensées intimes (2000) 9 eksemplarer
Physique, Philosophie, politique (2002) 8 eksemplarer
Essays in physics (1950) 6 eksemplarer
Worte in Zeit und Raum (1991) 6 eksemplarer
ALBERT EINSTEIN-COMO VEJO O MUNDO (1953) 5 eksemplarer
El mundo como yo lo veo (2011) 5 eksemplarer
La teoria della relativita (1991) 5 eksemplarer
Teorie relativity a jiné eseje (2000) 5 eksemplarer
MIS Creencias (1984) 5 eksemplarer
Über den Frieden (2004) 5 eksemplarer
Oeuvres choisies, tome 1 : Quanta (1989) 4 eksemplarer
Escritos da maturidade 4 eksemplarer
Scienza e vita. Lettere 1916-1955 (2015) 4 eksemplarer
The fight against war 4 eksemplarer
La scienza e la pace (2011) 3 eksemplarer
Album Einstein (1989) 3 eksemplarer
Cosmic religion 3 eksemplarer
Einstein's Universe (1979) 3 eksemplarer
Albert Einstein 2 eksemplarer
Builders of the universe (1932) 2 eksemplarer
La relativité (1956) 2 eksemplarer
Einstein Seyahatnamesi (2019) 2 eksemplarer
Leggendo Lucrezio (2012) 2 eksemplarer
La scienza e la pace 2 eksemplarer
Tre breve om krigen og freden (1991) 2 eksemplarer
Einstein Entre Comillas (1997) 2 eksemplarer
Einstein e i filosofi (2009) 2 eksemplarer
Üldrelatiivsusteooria põhialus (2021) 2 eksemplarer
Problem och perspektiv 2 eksemplarer
Ensaios da Maturidade 2 eksemplarer
Lettres d'amour et de sciences (1993) 2 eksemplarer
Como vejo o mundo (2015) 2 eksemplarer
Why Socialism? 2 eksemplarer
Fikirler ve Tercihler (2000) 2 eksemplarer
Zeiten des Staunens. (1999) 2 eksemplarer
Einsteini ütlemisi (2001) 1 eksemplar
Obervations 1 eksemplar
Lucha Contra La Guerra, La (1986) 1 eksemplar
MEU NOME É 1 eksemplar
Caminos Abiertos 1 eksemplar
O poder nu 1 eksemplar
The Valley Of Fear 1 eksemplar
The Laureates' Anthology (1990) 1 eksemplar
'La fisica 1 eksemplar
Mis ideas y visión del mundo (2024) 1 eksemplar
Pisma filozoficzne 1 eksemplar
Essays in Physics 1 eksemplar
Newton the Man 1 eksemplar
Works of Albert Einstein (2009) 1 eksemplar
Grundze der Relativitstheorie (1969) 1 eksemplar
Perspektiv og udsyn 1 eksemplar
Dunyamiza Bakis (2000) 1 eksemplar
Fiziin Evrimi 1 eksemplar
Dnyamza Bak 1 eksemplar
Mi panorama mundial 1 eksemplar
Space-Time 1 eksemplar
Göreliligin Anlami (2000) 1 eksemplar
Ozel Ve Genel Gorelelik Kurami (2009) 1 eksemplar
Albert Einstein vogatott ai (2005) 1 eksemplar
Essays in physics 1 eksemplar
Historic Recordings 1930-1947 (2005) 1 eksemplar
Relativity 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing (2008) — Bidragyder — 803 eksemplarer
Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems: Ptolemaic and Copernican (1638) — Forord, nogle udgaver746 eksemplarer
The Universe and Dr. Einstein (1948) — Forord, nogle udgaver633 eksemplarer
Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist (1949) — Bidragyder — 151 eksemplarer
A golden treasury of Jewish literature (1937) — Bidragyder — 74 eksemplarer
Emanuel Lasker: The Life of a Chess Master (1952) — Forord, nogle udgaver65 eksemplarer
Introduction to Socialism (1968) — Bidragyder — 41 eksemplarer
Where Is Science Going? (1750) — Forord — 38 eksemplarer
The Signet Book of American Essays (2006) — Bidragyder — 36 eksemplarer
The Penguin Book of Twentieth-Century Protest (1998) — Bidragyder — 30 eksemplarer
All About Us (1947) — Forord, nogle udgaver24 eksemplarer
Great companions : critical memoirs of some famous friends (1959) — Bidragyder — 22 eksemplarer
Albert Einstein (1977) — Associated Name — 21 eksemplarer
Het derde Testament : Joodse verhalen (1995) — Bidragyder, nogle udgaver6 eksemplarer
The Best from Cosmopolitan — Bidragyder — 4 eksemplarer
The Foundations of Einstein's Theory of Gravitation (1916) — Forord, nogle udgaver4 eksemplarer
On Relativity — Bidragyder — 3 eksemplarer

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Discussions

What Einstein said… i Philosophy and Theory (maj 2016)
Einstein? i Legacy Libraries (februar 2016)
Einstein was an atheist. i Let's Talk Religion (december 2012)
Einstein said, " i Let's Talk Religion (november 2012)

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Indeholder "Oversætterens forord", "Forord", "1. Det mekaniske synspunkts opståen", " Den gode detektivroman", " Det første spor", " Vektorer", " Bevægelsens gåde", " Der mangler endnu en lov", " Er varme en substans?", " Rutschebanen", " Omsætningsforholdet", " Den filosofiske baggrund", " Den kinetiske teori for materien", " Resumé", "2. Det mekaniske synspunkts tilbagegang", " De to elektriske fluida", " De magnetiske fluida", " Den første alvorlige vanskelighed", " Lysets hastighed", " Lys som en substans", " Farvernes gåde", " Hvad er en bølge?", " Bølgeteorien for lyset", " Longitudinale eller transversale lysbølger?", " Æteren og det mekaniske synspunkt", " Resumé", "3. Felt og relativitet", " Feltet som fremstilling", " De to grundpiller i feltteorien", " Feltets realitet", " Feltet og æteren", " Det mekaniske stillads", " Æteren og bevægelse", " Tid, afstand, relativitet", " Relativitet og mekanik", " Rum-tids-kontinuet", " Almindelig relativitet", " Uden for og inden i elevatoren", " Geometri og eksperiment", " Almindelig relativitet og dens bekræftelse", " Felt og materie", " Resumé", "4. Kvanter", " Kontinuitet og diskontinuitet", " Materiens og elektricitetens elementarkvanter", " Lyskvanterne", " Lysspektre", " Materiebølger", " Sandsynlighedsbølger", " Fysik og virkelighed", " Resumé", "Litteraturfortegnelse ved Niels Arley", "Register", "Billedtavlerne", " I. Brown bevægelse", " II. Lysets bøjning", " III. Røntgen- og elektrobølgers bøjning", " IV. Spektrallinier og Mössbauer-effekten".

Forfatterne tager fat i forskellige eksempler. Et eksempel er de to slags masse, dvs den masse, som tyngden virker på kontra inertimassen og argumenterer for at Galileis faldlov (at alle legemer falder lige hurtigt fra en given faldhøjde) betyder at de to masser er ens. Elektrisk og magnetisk kraft er en anden. Man kan skære en elektrisk dipol over, så man får en positiv og en negativ, men den magnetiske dipol bliver til to dipoler, når man skærer den over.
???
… (mere)
 
Markeret
bnielsen | 14 andre anmeldelser | Feb 10, 2015 |
Jeg læste den (grundigt) da jeg var 15, og den havde og har stadig stor betydning for mig som forbilledlig lettilgængelig videnskabsfremstilling
 
Markeret
kaatmann | 14 andre anmeldelser | Jan 30, 2014 |

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Statistikker

Værker
326
Also by
22
Medlemmer
14,170
Popularitet
#1,625
Vurdering
3.9
Anmeldelser
116
ISBN
713
Sprog
25
Udvalgt
34

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