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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the…
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (udgave 2012)

af Michelle Alexander (Forfatter), Cornel West (Introduktion)

MedlemmerAnmeldelserPopularitetGennemsnitlig vurderingOmtaler
3,6751062,567 (4.44)288
This work argues that the War on Drugs and policies that deny convicted felons equal access to employment, housing, education, and public benefits create a permanent under caste based largely on race. As the United States celebrates the nation's "triumph over race" with the election of Barack Obama, the majority of young black men in major American cities are locked behind bars or have been labeled felons for life. Although Jim Crow laws have been wiped off the books, an astounding percentage of the African American community remains trapped in a subordinate status - much like their grandparents before them. In this incisive critique, former litigator-turned-legal-scholar Michelle Alexander provocatively argues that we have not ended racial caste in America: we have simply redesigned it. Alexander shows that, by targeting black men and decimating communities of color, the U.S. criminal justice system functions as a contemporary system of racial control, even as it formally adheres to the principle of color blindness. The New Jim Crow challenges the civil rights community - and all of us - to place mass incarceration at the forefront of a new movement for racial justice in America.… (mere)
Medlem:utdgwc
Titel:The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness
Forfattere:Michelle Alexander (Forfatter)
Andre forfattere:Cornel West (Introduktion)
Info:The New Press (2012), 336 pages
Samlinger:Dit bibliotek
Vurdering:
Nøgleord:Advocacy, Criminal Justice

Detaljer om værket

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness af Michelle Alexander (Author)

Udlån

Udlånt 2020-03-13 — Afleveres 2020-03-27 — Lånetid er overskredet
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» Se også 288 omtaler

Viser 1-5 af 106 (næste | vis alle)
I'm honestly not 100% sure what to say in this review. Even ten years after its first publication, Michelle Alexander's book is extremely powerful and poignant. As I read the book, it continually made me think of how exactly I viewed the world around me. I've always seen myself as an open-minded person, and I always try to stand up for others when and where I can. The New Jim Crow really made me think about what exactly I wasn't seeing or noticing in the world around me. With all the unrest currently plaguing the US right now, this is definitely a must-read book for everyone. ( )
  historybookreads | Jul 26, 2021 |
Michelle Alexander begins her book positing that the high percentage of young black men in U.S. prisons is a demonstration of continuing racist policies in this Country. Her claim is that white majority treatment has evolved over time from an era of slavery, to an era of Jim Crow laws, and now to the current War on Drugs, all intended to suppress the black minority.

While I found the premise difficult to accept, she does manage to offer a number of logical thoughts in support of her ideas, and certainly gives the reader something to think about.

The majority of inmates in federal prisons may well be incarcerated for drug law violations, and the majority of those in prison are also non-white. Those facts are hardly indicative of racial motivations. However, knowing those facts, it seems reasonable that in fighting the war on drugs, the apparently logical focus for attention and drug raids would be in minority communities. Then again, it is interesting to consider for a moment what might have occurred if the initial drug raids took place on college campuses instead of in minority communities. Drug use is hardly a stranger in either environment. The question Alexander hints at is whether the war on drugs would have been as vigilantly enforced if the initial population of drug law violators targeted were white college fraternity members, and whether the best location of drug raids would have been colleges and universities vs. inner city ghettos.

I think Alexander's premise is a hard sell, but her message seems to have found resonance elsewhere in society. A recent award winning documentary at the 2012 Sundance Film festival titled "The House I Live In" by Eugene Jarecki deals with a very similar subject, and examines the profound human rights implications of the U.S. drug policy, from the dealer to the narcotics officer, the inmate to the federal judge. There's also a movement in the State of California to ease the tough three-strikes sentencing law which often leads to long sentences for minor drug infractions.

So even if you can't agree with all of Michelle Alexander's points, her views are well stated, and she offers an interesting take and perspective. The points in this book certainly gives readers something to think about and discuss. ( )
  rsutto22 | Jul 15, 2021 |
Today, the law is facially race-neutral. Nothing in the text of the laws says that black and white people are to be treated differently, as many (though not all) of the laws did in the Jim Crow era.

But, Michelle Alexander convincingly argues, colorblindness is a false face. Our criminal justice system in fact acts as a new system of control for black people, principally black men. Through the War on Drugs, black people have been targeted, prosecuted, imprisoned, and continually punished throughout their lives--excluded from the workforce, excluded from welfare, excluded from housing, excluded from the voter rolls. The system insulates itself through cooperative Supreme Court decisions that make it impossible to prove discrimination. The system exacts a price not just on the individuals who become caught in it, but on black communities as a whole. It works in concert with racial discrimination as a whole and the legacy of segregation.

Though it's not a long book, Alexander carefully guides you through the systems and processes that feed the system--laws that targeted "black" drugs, police who focus on black communities, overzealous prosecutors, sentencing laws, and post-prison punishment--and how these policies are implemented in ways that impact black men most strongly. While the components of the system were not necessarily designed to work together, many came from a common, racist source.

Alexander ends with a ringing call for criminal justice reform, but reminds us that we must confront racism head on. We cannot avoid it because it is uncomfortable. While components of the system may be rotten for everyone, such as overly wide prosecutorial discretion, that burden does not fall equally, nor is it intended to. ( )
  arosoff | Jul 11, 2021 |
Should be required reading for all U.S. Americans. ( )
  Tosta | Jul 5, 2021 |
This book has reshaped so much of my thinking and the way I frame history and the law. So much of what Alexander brings up here are events/laws/opinions I have noticed but was too lazy to put in context. There is a bit of repetition throughout, which at first I thought might make the reading tiresome, but I quickly realized it was needed to couch the trajectory of the topic at hand in its precedent, and it was helpful to me as well because it solidified my understanding of said topic. I wish I felt like I had solid solutions by the end...this is such a nebulous struggle, and much of the reason I was slow in reading this book was due to the feeling of utter hopelessness. How can we fix this? I feel like there has been some progress since TNJC was published (and I dearly hope there is a revised anniversary edition in the works)--most strikingly with the creation of the Black Lives Matter movement, though the topic of mass incarceration still seems to be taking a back seat (not that addressing police brutality and "lawful" devaluation of black lives is any less of a problem or is unrelated to mass incarceration). I am glad, though, to have all this solid information under my belt--it inspires so much more confidence in me to have important discussions, to have a more informed frame of reference, to start to try to figure out how to make real change. ( )
  LibroLindsay | Jun 18, 2021 |
Viser 1-5 af 106 (næste | vis alle)
Quoting Alexander: "I consider myself a prison abolitionist, in the sense that I think we will eventually end the prisons as we know them. That doesn’t mean that I don’t think we don’t need to remove people from the community who pose a serious threat or who cause serious harm for some period of time. But the question is do we want to create and maintain sites that are designed for the intentional infliction of needless suffering? Because that’s what prison is today. They are sites where we treat people as less than human and put them in literal cages and intentionally inflict harm and suffering on them and then expect that this will somehow improve them. It’s nonsensical, immoral, and counterproductive, and that is what I would like to see come to an end."
 
Contrary to the rosy picture of race embodied in Barack Obama's political success and Oprah Winfrey's financial success, legal scholar Alexander argues vigorously and persuasively that [w]e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Jim Crow and legal racial segregation has been replaced by mass incarceration as a system of social control (More African Americans are under correctional control today... than were enslaved in 1850). Alexander reviews American racial history from the colonies to the Clinton administration, delineating its transformation into the war on drugs. She offers an acute analysis of the effect of this mass incarceration upon former inmates who will be discriminated against, legally, for the rest of their lives, denied employment, housing, education, and public benefits. Most provocatively, she reveals how both the move toward colorblindness and affirmative action may blur our vision of injustice: most Americans know and don't know the truth about mass incarceration—but her carefully researched, deeply engaging, and thoroughly readable book should change that.
tilføjet af 2wonderY | RedigerPublisher's Weekly
 

» Tilføj andre forfattere (7 mulige)

Forfatter navnRolleHvilken slags forfatterVærk?Status
Alexander, MichelleForfatterprimær forfatteralle udgaverbekræftet
Chilton, KarenFortællermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
West, CornelForordmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
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American juvenile justice system

City of Los Angeles v. Lyons

Comparison of United States incarceration rate with other countries

Jim Crow laws

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Prison

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This work argues that the War on Drugs and policies that deny convicted felons equal access to employment, housing, education, and public benefits create a permanent under caste based largely on race. As the United States celebrates the nation's "triumph over race" with the election of Barack Obama, the majority of young black men in major American cities are locked behind bars or have been labeled felons for life. Although Jim Crow laws have been wiped off the books, an astounding percentage of the African American community remains trapped in a subordinate status - much like their grandparents before them. In this incisive critique, former litigator-turned-legal-scholar Michelle Alexander provocatively argues that we have not ended racial caste in America: we have simply redesigned it. Alexander shows that, by targeting black men and decimating communities of color, the U.S. criminal justice system functions as a contemporary system of racial control, even as it formally adheres to the principle of color blindness. The New Jim Crow challenges the civil rights community - and all of us - to place mass incarceration at the forefront of a new movement for racial justice in America.

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