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Tractatus logico-philosophicus (1921)

af Ludwig Wittgenstein

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Perhaps the most important work of philosophy written in the twentieth century, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus was the only philosophical work that Ludwig Wittgenstein published during his lifetime. Written in short, carefully numbered paragraphs of extreme brilliance, it captured the imagination of a generation of philosophers. For Wittgenstein, logic was something we use to conquer a reality which is in itself both elusive and unobtainable. He famously summarized the book in the following words: 'What can be said at all can be said clearly; and what we cannot talk about we must pass over in silence.' David Pears and Brian McGuinness received the highest praise for their meticulous translation. The work is prefaced by Bertrand Russell's original introduction to the first English edition.… (mere)
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Engelsk (33)  Fransk (5)  Rumænsk (1)  Portugisisk (Brasilien) (1)  Spansk (1)  Svensk (1)  Tagalog (1)  Alle sprog (43)
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Trans. D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuinness. More understandable than I thought it would be. Very interesting, although I wonder if it solves a problem no one needed solving in any real sense. But W would agree as he determines philosophy is an action, not a problem solving mechanism and even the action is suspect, at least so far as logic is concerned because nothing can be said linguistically about the world with any logic. But did we need to prove that logic is not complete? Goedel obviously proved it can not be, but even on a practical level, philosophy can analyze ideas without needing to conform to mathematical logic. One doesn’t need the other necessarily. Still his dismantling of the idea of the logic of language was fascinating.
From intro by Russel: a philosophical work consists essentially of elucidations. The result of philosophy is not a number of “philosophical propositions” , but to make propositions clear “. (Xiii)
3.328 if a sign is useless, it is meaningless. That is the point of Occam’s maxim. (If everything behaves as if a sign had meaning, then it does have meaning.)
5.6 the limits of my language mean the limits of my world.
7 what we cannot speak about we must pass over in silence
  BookyMaven | Dec 6, 2023 |
CUPRINS

1. Cuvant inainte la editia a doua - pag. 7
2. Nota istorica - pag. 9
3. In ajutorul cititorului - pag. 33

4. Tractatus Logico - Philosophicus - pag. 97

5. Note - pag. 191
6. Lista de simboluri - pag. 206
7. Indice - pag. 209
  Toma_Radu_Szoha | Apr 28, 2023 |
The solution of the riddle of life in space and time lies outside space and time. [...] Not how the world is, is the mystical, but that it is. ( )
  drbrand | Jan 24, 2023 |
Dizem que a expressão “não li e não gostei foi pronunciada pela primeira vez por Oswald de Andrade quando perguntado sobre um livro de José Lins do Rego. Como Oswald não gostava de Zé Lins, respondeu prontamente à pergunta com a tal frase. Deste Tractatus o que posso dizer é que li, sim, mas provavelmente não entendi e destarte naõ gostei. Achei-o cacete? De modo algum. É tão curto, conciso e sumário que a monotonia não tem vez. Cheio de platitudes, porém. Mais achatado do que chato. Um Tratado absurdo? Um Tratado falso? Ah, isso sim. Achei-o com base fluida e mal sustentante para uma filosofia aparentemente irracional. Wittgenstein parece-me mais um conman intelectual, ou um bluffer filosófico. P.ex. a inteligência humana NÃO depende da tolice humana para moldar a realidade. Os limites da minha linguagem NÃO significam os limites do meu mundo. Quem vive o presente NÃO é necessariamente um ser feliz. As fronteiras da minha linguagem NÃO são as fronteiras do meu universo... E assim por diante. ( )
  jgcorrea | Jun 1, 2022 |
Perhaps one of the only philosophical masterpieces that you can read in a couple of days, or perhaps even in one afternoon if you're a quick reader. I cannot pretend that I understand everything about this book, neither can I pretend that I even get the essence of it right. However, I feel amazed by the brave attempt of Ludwig to literary 'cut the crap' out of the philosophy. His insight that the laws of logic are tautologies is brilliant. We cannot talk about the things that matter most to us (and we can realize this). I think this is the idea that Wittengenstein explains and proves in the last dramatic statements of the Logico-Philosophicus. And of course, those last two statements are nearly poetry. 'Wovon man nicht sprechen kann, darüber muss man schweigen.' This is an anti-climax and a climax at the same time: the disappointing note with which Wittgenstein throws us back to our own worlds and our inability to understand reality. ( )
1 stem Boreque | Feb 7, 2022 |
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» Tilføj andre forfattere (62 mulige)

Forfatter navnRolleHvilken slags forfatterVærk?Status
Wittgenstein, Ludwigprimær forfatteralle udgaverbekræftet
Blumbergs, IlmārsIllustratormedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Favrholdt, DavidOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Hermans, Willem FrederikOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Kolak, DanielOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
McGuinness, B. F.Oversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Muñoz, JacoboRedaktørmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Muñoz, JacoboOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Nyman, HeikkiOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Ogden, C. K.Oversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Ozoliņa, IndraRedaktørmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Pears, David F.Oversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Petrović, GajoOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Ramsey, Frank P.Oversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Rasels, BērtrandsForordmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Rītups, ArnisEfterskriftmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Reguera, IsidoroRedaktørmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Russell, BertrandIntroduktionmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Taurens, JānisOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
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6.54 My propositions are elucidatory in this way: he who understands me finally recognizes them as senseless, when he has climbed out through them, on them, over them. (He must so to speak throw away the ladder, after he has climbed up on it.) He must transcend these propositions, and then he will see the world aright.
6.53 The correct method in philosophy would really be the following: to say nothing except what can be said, i.e. propositions of natural science--i.e. something that has nothing to do with philosophy--and then, whenever someone else wanted to say something metaphysical, to demonstrate to him that he had failed to give a meaning to certain signs in his propositions. Although it would not be satisfying to the other person--he would not have the feeling that we were teaching him philosophy--this method would be the only strictly correct one.
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The original German title is “Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung”.
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Perhaps the most important work of philosophy written in the twentieth century, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus was the only philosophical work that Ludwig Wittgenstein published during his lifetime. Written in short, carefully numbered paragraphs of extreme brilliance, it captured the imagination of a generation of philosophers. For Wittgenstein, logic was something we use to conquer a reality which is in itself both elusive and unobtainable. He famously summarized the book in the following words: 'What can be said at all can be said clearly; and what we cannot talk about we must pass over in silence.' David Pears and Brian McGuinness received the highest praise for their meticulous translation. The work is prefaced by Bertrand Russell's original introduction to the first English edition.

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