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The Road to Serfdom: Text and Documents--The…
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The Road to Serfdom: Text and Documents--The Definitive Edition (The… (udgave 2007)

af F. A. Hayek, Bruce Caldwell (Redaktør), Bruce Caldwell (Introduktion), Bruce Caldwell (Forord)

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1,1771612,229 (4.11)Ingen
An unimpeachable classic work in political philosophy, intellectual and cultural history, and economics, The Road to Serfdom has inspired and infuriated politicians, scholars, and general readers for half a century. Originally published in 1944--when Eleanor Roosevelt supported the efforts of Stalin, and Albert Einstein subscribed lock, stock, and barrel to the socialist program--The Road to Serfdom was seen as heretical for its passionate warning against the dangers of state control over the means of production. For F. A. Hayek, the collectivist idea of empowering government with increasing economic control would lead not to a utopia but to the horrors of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. First published by the University of Chicago Press on September 18, 1944, The Road to Serfdom garnered immediate, widespread attention. The first printing of 2,000 copies was exhausted instantly, and within six months more than 30,000 books were sold. In April 1945, Reader's Digest published a condensed version of the book, and soon thereafter the Book-of-the-Month Club distributed this edition to more than 600,000 readers. A perennial best seller, the book has sold 400,000 copies in the United States alone and has been translated into more than twenty languages, along the way becoming one of the most important and influential books of the century. With this new edition, The Road to Serfdom takes its place in the series The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek.  The volume includes a foreword by series editor and leading Hayek scholar Bruce Caldwell explaining the book's origins and publishing history and assessing common misinterpretations of Hayek's thought.  Caldwell has also standardized and corrected Hayek's references and added helpful new explanatory notes.  Supplemented with an appendix of related materials ranging from prepublication reports on the initial manuscript to forewords to earlier editions by John Chamberlain, Milton Friedman, and Hayek himself, this new edition of The Road to Serfdom will be the definitive version of Hayek's enduring masterwork.… (mere)
Medlem:Calvin0031
Titel:The Road to Serfdom: Text and Documents--The Definitive Edition (The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek, Volume 2)
Forfattere:F. A. Hayek
Andre forfattere:Bruce Caldwell (Redaktør), Bruce Caldwell (Introduktion), Bruce Caldwell (Forord)
Info:University Of Chicago Press (2007), Edition: Trade Paperback Edition, Paperback, 283 pages
Samlinger:Dit bibliotek
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Nøgleord:Ingen

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The Road to Serfdom af F. A. Hayek

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CX08
  Taddone | Nov 19, 2019 |
Hayek argues passionately against central planning of the economy, stating quite firmly that it leads to totalitarianism. The way this happens is rather subtle, but Hayek claims that to have a centrally planned economy would require a moral judgment on all of the decisions made. This is my basic take on his argument; since all people are different, they all have different things that they value over other things. Even in the United States, we have the NRA, and then we have people who don't like guns at all. This is a bold oversimplification of what he says, but the gist is that it is too difficult to make decisions about the economy since you wouldn't know what to focus on. This would require you to make a moral judgment on what is better or more needed. It is easy to look back at Communist Russia, for example, and how they had the massive lines of people waiting for bread or shoes.

Hayek repeats himself a lot, and his ideas don't really change from chapter to chapter. He does tell us that laissez-faire Capitalism might be the cause of a lot of inequality in income, but that it is also the only system that allows for people to have the most freedom. ( )
  Floyd3345 | Jun 15, 2019 |
(see review of Condensed Version) ( )
  librisissimo | Apr 10, 2018 |
A história repete-se, avisa Hayek, neste livro que escreveu na parte final da II Grande Guerra Mundial. Os totalitarismos populistas da primeira metade do século XX resultaram de um descontentamento progressivo com a incapacidade que as democracias demonstraram para gerar os consensos necessários à satisfação das expectativas criadas aos cidadãos. Descontentes com o impasse, os povos europeus deixaram de acreditar nos políticos e na política e aceitaram as propostas irrealistas e xenófobas dos pequenos (depois, grandes!) ditadores que lhes prometiam resolver em três penadas todos os problemas das suas nações. Hitler culpou os judeus e Estaline os capitalistas. Trump culpa os mexicanos, Le Pen os emigrantes e Erdogan a Europa...

E porque falharam as democracias? Porque os partidos não se entendiam entre si? Porque a classe política era corrupta? ou medíocre? Nada disso, diz Hayek. As democracias falharam porque se viram obrigadas a tentar gerar consensos impossíveis.

No início do século XX, à medida que o coletivismo se estendeu a cada vez mais capítulos da vida em sociedade, mais difícil passou a ser obter consensos. Todos estamos de acordo sobre grandes objetivos comuns, como a manutenção da ordem pública e a redução da criminalidade. Mas as nossas opiniões divergem muito quando os temas em debate são mais específicos, como, por exemplo, a localização de um aterro sanitário (nunca perto da minha casa...), o casamento entre homossexuais, a Uber vs os taxistas, os direitos dos animais, etc., etc. Quando são chamados a legislar sobre questões cada vez mais minuciosas, como estas, os políticos não conseguem, obviamente, chegar a acordo, sendo obrigados a beneficiar certos grupos (frequentemente, a maioria ou os grupos de pressão mais organizados) em desfavor de outros, o que acaba por gerar descontentamento contra os políticos, contra a política e contra as instituições da democracia: "só se insultam uns aos outros", "querem é tacho", "não percebem nada", "são todos corruptos"...

O que diz Hayek é que estamos a tentar utilizar a "ferramenta" da democracia para finalidades para as quais ela não é adequada. E ao utilizá-la assim, desvalorizando-a, estamos a abrir espaço para o populismo e para a autocracia, e a pôr em causa um bem (ainda) mais precioso do que a democracia: a liberdade!

É este o "caminho para a servidão" que serve de título ao livro. Foi este o caminho que foi trilhado pela Alemanha, entre guerras mundiais, quando o coletivismo atingiu uma tal proporção que o país se transformou numa enorme burocracia hierárquica, quase militarizada, em que o Estado se confundia com a Nação e todos eram funcionários (a maioria dos alemães não reagiu ao genocídio e às outras atrocidades cometidas durante a II Guerra Mundial... estavam apenas a cumprir ordens!) Foi este o caminho que foi trilhado na União Soviética, apesar de, aí, o coletivismo não ter sido de pendor hierárquico, mas igualitário, embora com resultados igualmente desastrosos.

Para evitar que esta história infeliz se repita, diz Hayek, só temos um caminho a seguir, o caminho que arrancou a Europa ao feudalismo da Idade Média e às monarquias absolutistas que lhe sucederam e aos fundamentalismos religiosos: o caminho da liberdade individual. ( )
  jmx | Jun 20, 2017 |
This book was written in 1944 and in it he has said that any state with an centrally directed autocratic form of government will not last long. With the foresight of an astrologer, he predicted the rise and fall of states behind the Iron Curtain. He said the state that guarantees the liberty and freedom of the individual is the only viable form of state.
  danoomistmatiste | Jan 24, 2016 |
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An unimpeachable classic work in political philosophy, intellectual and cultural history, and economics, The Road to Serfdom has inspired and infuriated politicians, scholars, and general readers for half a century. Originally published in 1944--when Eleanor Roosevelt supported the efforts of Stalin, and Albert Einstein subscribed lock, stock, and barrel to the socialist program--The Road to Serfdom was seen as heretical for its passionate warning against the dangers of state control over the means of production. For F. A. Hayek, the collectivist idea of empowering government with increasing economic control would lead not to a utopia but to the horrors of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. First published by the University of Chicago Press on September 18, 1944, The Road to Serfdom garnered immediate, widespread attention. The first printing of 2,000 copies was exhausted instantly, and within six months more than 30,000 books were sold. In April 1945, Reader's Digest published a condensed version of the book, and soon thereafter the Book-of-the-Month Club distributed this edition to more than 600,000 readers. A perennial best seller, the book has sold 400,000 copies in the United States alone and has been translated into more than twenty languages, along the way becoming one of the most important and influential books of the century. With this new edition, The Road to Serfdom takes its place in the series The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek.  The volume includes a foreword by series editor and leading Hayek scholar Bruce Caldwell explaining the book's origins and publishing history and assessing common misinterpretations of Hayek's thought.  Caldwell has also standardized and corrected Hayek's references and added helpful new explanatory notes.  Supplemented with an appendix of related materials ranging from prepublication reports on the initial manuscript to forewords to earlier editions by John Chamberlain, Milton Friedman, and Hayek himself, this new edition of The Road to Serfdom will be the definitive version of Hayek's enduring masterwork.

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