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Black Skin, White Masks af Frantz Fanon
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Black Skin, White Masks (original 1952; udgave 2008)

af Frantz Fanon, Richard Philcox (Oversætter)

MedlemmerAnmeldelserPopularitetGennemsnitlig vurderingOmtaler
1,852126,982 (4.1)52
In this study, Fanon uses psychoanalysis and psychological theory to explain the feelings of dependency and inadequacy that black people experience in a white world. Originally formulated to combat the oppression of black people, Fanon's insights are now being taken up by other oppressed groups - including feminists - and used in their struggle for cultural and political autonomy. Like Marx, Fanon wanted to change the world as well as to describe it. The sustained influence of his writings realizes this ambition.… (mere)
Medlem:Molebatsi
Titel:Black Skin, White Masks
Forfattere:Frantz Fanon
Andre forfattere:Richard Philcox (Oversætter)
Info:Grove Press (2008), Edition: Revised, Paperback, 206 pages
Samlinger:Dit bibliotek
Vurdering:
Nøgleord:Ingen

Detaljer om værket

Black Skin, White Masks af Frantz Fanon (1952)

Nyligt tilføjet afameen2, indigodreamer6, jordanr2, privat bibliotek, hlindskold, jose.pires, lwpeterson, ainutak, therebelprince, autoclave
Efterladte bibliotekerNelson Algren
  1. 00
    Banjo: A Story without a Plot af Claude McKay (eromsted)
    eromsted: Harlem Renaissance era novel. Somehow I kept thinking of Fanon when I read it.
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I really enjoyed Fanon’s psychoanalytical take on racism and postcolonialism, even though it did sometimes delve into the problematic. One shocking passage was when Fanon shares how contemporaneous scientific theory postulated that “the black man is inherently inferior…[because he is] the missing link between ape and man” (13). I had forgotten how emerging Darwinian science attempted to justify white superiority and authority by using evolution to explain racial differences (and conveniently always elevating the White to the superior evolutionary pedestal). In spite of Fanon’s problematic moments, which we can perhaps forgive/understand him for due to his historical time period’s beliefs, Fanon’s analysis of how Black people have internalized racism as a defense mechanism is an interesting psychological approach to racism. In addition to the external suffering racism causes, we often forget how racism becomes internalized by both Whites and Blacks, and while White people can successfully navigate a society biased toward their skin color, Black people must navigate both the explicit and implicit racial bias and their mind’s desire to put on a “white mask” and thus allow that racist society’s structure to continue (4). I think this is why Kehinde Andrews in his book "Back to Black" so strongly urges for a complete revolutionary response to Western imperialist systems: not only will a revolutionary change of Western societies stop racist systems, but it will also to protect the physical and mental health of Blacks in the Diaspora, especially since the system not only attacks Black bodies (i.e. police brutality) but also Black minds (i.e. through internalizing racism).

I've often heard that Black Americans feel that they have to “act white” around White people in business settings so that they will be more respected (i.e. respected in a white-dominated community that views “whiteness” as respectability). This line of thinking connects to Fanon’s point that the fracturing of black identity “is a direct consequence of the colonial undertaking” (1) and that we must “liberate the black man from himself” (xii). I think this liberation involves “endlessly creating yourself” as Fanon concludes (204). He desires that “the subjugation of man by man—that is to say, of me by another—cease. May I be allowed to discover and desire man wherever he may be” (206). I think, for Fanon, if Black people “endlessly create” themselves, they are actively fighting the racist society that attempts to conform them into whiteness and force Black people to wear a white mask. Fanon explains, “It is through self-consciousness and renunciation, through a permanent tension of his freedom, that man can create the ideal conditions of existence” (206). I think Fanon advocates for self-actualization, and this self-actualization involves Black people embracing (and perhaps even celebrating, as Aimé Césaire does in the Négritude movement) their blackness and seeing it as a part of their identities, while also developing all other aspects of their identities. I agree with Fanon that the first step in resisting a racist society is freeing one’s self from society’s racist shackles through self-realization, which I interpret to be “endlessly creating yourself.” However, I think Andrews corrects and extends Fanon’s argument: while Fanon does not explicitly advocate for a revolutionary change in Western systems, Andrews underscores that one must radically overthrow a racist society if that society’s foundations are also racist…there is no way to resuscitate this broken system. ( )
  lwpeterson | Oct 6, 2021 |
Black Skin, White Masks offers an acute analysis of the formation of black identity in a white world. The central phenomenon Fanon attempts to scrutinise is: how the Martiniquan society (and by extension every colonised peoples) has come to abhor anything relating to its identity (e.g. skin color and language) as a result of the hegemony embodied by the 'western values' that demonised the 'other', i.e the colonised. In this regard, while "white" would be equivalent to morality, rationality, goodness and civilisation, "black" would symbolise evil, nature, savagery and the supernatural.
( )
  meddz | Jun 11, 2021 |
Fanon flayed me. His rich and concise prose, arguments, have considerable breadth for such a slim volume. His points about the culpability of all in a society for the atrocities those in power inflict, is moving, damning, and necessary.

---

Returning to Black Skin, White Masks during 2020 only underscored my earlier points. I appreciated Fanon's rhetorical experimentation more this go around, his attempt (as writing is always an attempt) at rendering the phenomenological experience as a Black man in text was confounding and provocative.
  b.masonjudy | Apr 3, 2020 |
Black Skin, White Masks is a 1952 book by Frantz Fanon, a psychiatrist and intellectual from Martinique. A major influence on civil rights, anti-colonial, and black consciousness movements around the world, Black Skin, White Masks is the unsurpassed study of the black psyche in a white world. Hailed for its scientific analysis and poetic grace when it was first published in 1952, the book remains a vital force today from one of the most important theorists of revolutionary struggle, colonialism, and racial difference in history.
  soualibra | Jan 9, 2020 |
在非洲,可以輕易地在膚色上,去判斷出統治階層與被統治階層,是兩種不同的族群(或種族)。但若是統治階層與被統治階層,無論是膚色、外貌,甚至生活習慣,都相當類似的時候呢?我們會說這不是殖民主義?或者會說,這需要不同的後殖民理論?
  maoozilla | Apr 2, 2019 |
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In this study, Fanon uses psychoanalysis and psychological theory to explain the feelings of dependency and inadequacy that black people experience in a white world. Originally formulated to combat the oppression of black people, Fanon's insights are now being taken up by other oppressed groups - including feminists - and used in their struggle for cultural and political autonomy. Like Marx, Fanon wanted to change the world as well as to describe it. The sustained influence of his writings realizes this ambition.

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