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Zadig af Voltaire
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Zadig (original 1747; udgave 1998)

af Voltaire

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Zadig ou la Destinée (Zadig, or The Book of Fate; 1747) is a novella and work of philosophical fiction by the Enlightenment writer Voltaire. It tells the story of Zadig, a philosopher in ancient Babylonia. The author does not attempt any historical accuracy, and some of the problems Zadig faces are thinly disguised references to social and political problems of Voltaire's own day.It was originally published as Memnon in Amsterdam (with a false imprint of London given) and first issued under its more familiar title in 1748.The book makes use of the Persian tale The Three Princes of Serendip. It is philosophical in nature, and presents human life as in the hands of a destiny beyond human control. Voltaire challenges religious and metaphysical orthodoxy with his presentation of the moral revolution taking place in Zadig himself. Zadig is one of Voltaire's most celebrated works after Candide. Many literary critics have praised Voltaire's use of contradiction and juxtaposition.Zadig, a good-hearted, handsome young man from Babylonia, is in love with Sémire and they are to marry. Sémire, however, has another suitor: Orcan, who wants her for himself. Zadig tries to defend his love from Orcan's threat, but his eye is injured in the process. Sémire abhors this injury, causing her to depart with his enemy. Shortly after, Zadig makes a full recovery and falls into the arms of another woman, Azora, with whom he is married, but who promptly betrays him.Disillusioned with women, Zadig turns to science but his knowledge lands him in prison, the first of several injustices to befall him. Indeed, the conte derives its pace and rhythm from the protagonist's ever-changing fortunes which see him rise to great heights and fall to great lows. Upon his release from prison, Zadig rises in favour with the king and queen of Babylonia and is eventually appointed prime minister; in this role he proves himself to be a very honest man, looked upon favourably by the king, as he passes fair judgements on his citizens unlike the other ministers who base their judgements on the people's wealth. He is forced to flee the kingdom, though, when his relationship with king Moabdar is compromised: Zadig's reciprocated love for queen Astarté is discovered and he worries that the king's desire for revenge might drive him to kill the queen.Having reached Egypt, Zadig kills an Egyptian man while valiantly saving a woman from his attack on her. Under the law of the land, this crime means that he must become a slave. His new master, Sétoc, is soon impressed by Zadig's wisdom and they become friends. In one incident, Zadig manages to reverse an ancient custom of certain tribes in which women felt obliged to burn themselves alive with their husbands on the death of the latter. After attempting to resolve other religious disputes, Zadig enrages local clerics who attempt to have him killed. Fortunately for him, though, a woman that he saved (Almona) from being burned intervenes so that he avoids death. Almona marries Sétoc, who in turn gives Zadig his freedom and then he begins his journey back to Babylonia in order to discover what has become of Astarté. (In some versions there is a further episode in which he visits Serendib and advises the king on the choice of a treasurer and a wife.)En route, he is taken captive by a group of Arabs, from whom he learns that king Moabdar has been killed, but he does not learn anything of what has become of Astarté. Arbogad, the leader of the group of Arabs, sets him free and he heads for Babylonia once more, equipped with the knowledge that a rebellion has taken place to oust the king. On this journey he meets an unhappy fisherman who is about to commit suicide as he has no money, but Zadig gives him some money to ease his woes, telling us that source of his own unhappiness is in his heart, whereas the fisherman's are only financial concerns. Zadig prevents him from committing suicide and he continues on his way.… (mere)
Medlem:Dragonblink
Titel:Zadig
Forfattere:Voltaire
Info:Larousse Editions (1998), Mass Market Paperback, 223 pages
Samlinger:Dit bibliotek
Vurdering:
Nøgleord:french

Detaljer om værket

Zadig eller skæbnen : en østerlandsk fortælling af Voltaire (1747)

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Fransk (4)  Italiensk (1)  Engelsk (1)  Alle sprog (6)
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> Par Adrian (Laculturegenerale.com) : Les 150 classiques de la littérature française qu’il faut avoir lus !
07/05/2017 - Un conte oriental doublé d’un conte philosophique, une lecture où la question de la Providence se dessine déjà : faut-il se soumettre aux caprices du destin ? Ou faut-il conquérir la liberté ?
  Joop-le-philosophe | Jan 26, 2019 |
Un tout grand livre qui en a visiblement inspiré pas mal d'autres. A mes yeux, c'est véritablement un livre fondateur, qu'il faut avoir lu et relire et relire.

A vous de découvrir. ( )
  Millepages | Jan 31, 2016 |
Voltaire's parody of 18th century Paris set in Babylon. A gem.
Read in Samoa Apr 2003 ( )
  mbmackay | Nov 28, 2015 |
Zadig è un’opera tanto piccola quanto fondamentale per la cultura occidentale. Le (dis)avventure di un uomo virtuoso rappresentano il compendio essenziale dello spirito illuministico. La scelta di ambientare la storia in tempi lontani, il periodo storico è quello dell’antico Egitto, e in posti lontani, Babilonia, ha consentito all’autore di irridere il potere senza il rischio di subire censure dirette. Nei diciannove capitoli, cui si aggiungono due appendici, “la danza” e “gli occhi blu”, le alterne fortune del protagonista servono a rappresentare i vizi e le virtù delle organizzazioni sociali, minate dalle debolezze individuali dell’uomo. Voltaire ricorre ad alcune figure tipiche, basti pensare all’invidioso, che danno un senso perfetto della dimensione in cui l’autore decide di collocare le vicende del protagonista. Zadig vive di ferree regole morali, con una forte coerenza di fondo. Ma sono proprio queste regole la ragione delle sue vicissitudini, per l’incapacità degli uomini di apprezzare i benefici della virtù. Un libro bellissimo, di grande leggibilità, lettura essenziale. ( )
  grandeghi | Aug 31, 2015 |
Comment être heureux ? Zadig un homme doté d'un nombre incalculable de qualités cherche désespérément la réponse. Cet homme qui fait le bien partout autour de lui attire les problèmes ce qui le met dans une position plus que compliquée. Quand le bien et le mal s'opposent, ainsi que les gentils et les méchants cela donne un conte oriental avec un zeste d'ironie. Et si ce livre était le reflet de la société à l'époque de Voltaire et que cette recherche de bonheur était la sienne, une chose est sûre ce livre nous fait vivre une aventure parsemée de doute, de joie et d'espoir. ( )
  leclept | May 7, 2014 |
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Wikipedia på engelsk

Ingen

Zadig ou la Destinée (Zadig, or The Book of Fate; 1747) is a novella and work of philosophical fiction by the Enlightenment writer Voltaire. It tells the story of Zadig, a philosopher in ancient Babylonia. The author does not attempt any historical accuracy, and some of the problems Zadig faces are thinly disguised references to social and political problems of Voltaire's own day.It was originally published as Memnon in Amsterdam (with a false imprint of London given) and first issued under its more familiar title in 1748.The book makes use of the Persian tale The Three Princes of Serendip. It is philosophical in nature, and presents human life as in the hands of a destiny beyond human control. Voltaire challenges religious and metaphysical orthodoxy with his presentation of the moral revolution taking place in Zadig himself. Zadig is one of Voltaire's most celebrated works after Candide. Many literary critics have praised Voltaire's use of contradiction and juxtaposition.Zadig, a good-hearted, handsome young man from Babylonia, is in love with Sémire and they are to marry. Sémire, however, has another suitor: Orcan, who wants her for himself. Zadig tries to defend his love from Orcan's threat, but his eye is injured in the process. Sémire abhors this injury, causing her to depart with his enemy. Shortly after, Zadig makes a full recovery and falls into the arms of another woman, Azora, with whom he is married, but who promptly betrays him.Disillusioned with women, Zadig turns to science but his knowledge lands him in prison, the first of several injustices to befall him. Indeed, the conte derives its pace and rhythm from the protagonist's ever-changing fortunes which see him rise to great heights and fall to great lows. Upon his release from prison, Zadig rises in favour with the king and queen of Babylonia and is eventually appointed prime minister; in this role he proves himself to be a very honest man, looked upon favourably by the king, as he passes fair judgements on his citizens unlike the other ministers who base their judgements on the people's wealth. He is forced to flee the kingdom, though, when his relationship with king Moabdar is compromised: Zadig's reciprocated love for queen Astarté is discovered and he worries that the king's desire for revenge might drive him to kill the queen.Having reached Egypt, Zadig kills an Egyptian man while valiantly saving a woman from his attack on her. Under the law of the land, this crime means that he must become a slave. His new master, Sétoc, is soon impressed by Zadig's wisdom and they become friends. In one incident, Zadig manages to reverse an ancient custom of certain tribes in which women felt obliged to burn themselves alive with their husbands on the death of the latter. After attempting to resolve other religious disputes, Zadig enrages local clerics who attempt to have him killed. Fortunately for him, though, a woman that he saved (Almona) from being burned intervenes so that he avoids death. Almona marries Sétoc, who in turn gives Zadig his freedom and then he begins his journey back to Babylonia in order to discover what has become of Astarté. (In some versions there is a further episode in which he visits Serendib and advises the king on the choice of a treasurer and a wife.)En route, he is taken captive by a group of Arabs, from whom he learns that king Moabdar has been killed, but he does not learn anything of what has become of Astarté. Arbogad, the leader of the group of Arabs, sets him free and he heads for Babylonia once more, equipped with the knowledge that a rebellion has taken place to oust the king. On this journey he meets an unhappy fisherman who is about to commit suicide as he has no money, but Zadig gives him some money to ease his woes, telling us that source of his own unhappiness is in his heart, whereas the fisherman's are only financial concerns. Zadig prevents him from committing suicide and he continues on his way.

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