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1122189,439 (3.63)1
This is an introduction to Optimality Theory, whose central idea is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints. A surface form is 'optimal' if it incurs the least serious violations of a set of constraints, taking into account their hierarchical ranking. Languages differ in the ranking of constraints; and any violations must be minimal. The book does not limit its empirical scope to phonological phenomena, but also contains chapters on the learnability of OT grammars; OT's implications for syntax; and other issues such as opacity. It also reviews in detail a selection of the considerable research output which OT has already produced. Exercises accompany chapters 1-7, and there are sections on further reading. Optimality Theory will be welcomed by any linguist with a basic knowledge of derivational Generative Phonology.… (mere)
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very interesting but complicated so will reread ( )
  Heldin | Oct 15, 2017 |
"It was a dry read. Whenever Kager tries to make a point--or at least, in the four chapters I read--he'll use examples with inputs and everything all described to prove his point, but you never get data like that in the real world."


"He doesn't expand. He explains concepts in like two words."


And yet he says it in a pointlessly wordy way. It's so thick, this book, when you see how many slides we look at in class and how clear they are."


"He fudges his examples."


"He throws all these language-specific constraints out there that just apply to what he's trying to prove."


"There should be a master chapter on all the constraints he uses."


"This book is just awkward." ( )
  MeditationesMartini | Jun 11, 2009 |
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This is an introduction to Optimality Theory, whose central idea is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints. A surface form is 'optimal' if it incurs the least serious violations of a set of constraints, taking into account their hierarchical ranking. Languages differ in the ranking of constraints; and any violations must be minimal. The book does not limit its empirical scope to phonological phenomena, but also contains chapters on the learnability of OT grammars; OT's implications for syntax; and other issues such as opacity. It also reviews in detail a selection of the considerable research output which OT has already produced. Exercises accompany chapters 1-7, and there are sections on further reading. Optimality Theory will be welcomed by any linguist with a basic knowledge of derivational Generative Phonology.

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