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Development as Freedom af Amartya Sen
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Development as Freedom (original 1999; udgave 2000)

af Amartya Sen

MedlemmerAnmeldelserPopularitetGennemsnitlig vurderingOmtaler
1,3801210,337 (3.95)14
'an enjoyable, unusual and important contribution' -John Mulqueen, Irish Times 02/02/01'The connecting theme behind these essays is that development is about expanding people's ability to do things that they have a reason to value. The rationale for this is discussed with great force, clarity and consistency.' - S.V. Subramanian, Progress in Development Studies 1(1), Jan 01.'the ideas are presented in a very accessible, nontechnical language. The writing is lucid with interesting story-telling openings... a topical and timely appeal to an audience that cuts across disciplines.' - S.V. Subramanian, Progress in Development Studies 1(1), Jan 01.'a brilliant book. Sen ranges over a vast intellectual landscape... Many authors try this kind of tour d'horizon but few succeed as well as Amartya Sen. He is a multi-faceted scholar who has thought deeply and rigourously and has published extensively. Although Development as Freedom covers imense territory, it is subtle and nuanced and its careful scholarship is manifest at every turn.' - Lars Osberg, Reviews, Compte Rendus, Autumn 2000.'Sen has looked for ways to empower the poor... Development as Freedom is a testament to Sen's unwavering commitment to the task... this is economics that should be read: not merely for the elegance of its arguments or the wisdom of its judgements, but for the deep and burnished humanity that animates it.' -David Goldblatt, The Independent' Development as Freedom is a personal manifesto: a summing up; a blend of vision, close argument, reflection and reminiscence.' -The Economist' The world's poor and dispossessed could have no more articulate or insightful a champion among economists than Amartya Sen. By showing that the quality of our lives should be measured not by our wealth but by our freedom, his writings have revolutionized the theory and practice of development. The United Nations, in its own development work, has benefited immensely from the wisdom and good sense of Professor Sen's views. ' -Kofi A. Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations' In this book, Amartya Sen develops elegantly, compactly, and yet broadly the concept that economic development is in its nature an increase in freedom. By historical examples, empirical evidence, and forceful and rigourous analysis, he shows how development, broadly and properly conceived, cannot be antagonistic to liberty but consists precisely in its increase. ' -Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobel Laureate in Economic Science' Amartya Sen has made several key contributions to research on fundamental problems in welfare economics. By combining tools from economics and philosophy, he has restored an ethical dimension to the discussion of vital economic problems. ' -From the Royal Swedish Academy Announcement of the Award of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Science.Amartya Sen is the most respected and well-known economist of his time. This book is a synthesis of his thought, viewing economic development as a means to extending freedoms rather than an end in itself. By widening his outlook to include poverty, tyranny, lack of opportunity, individual rights, and political structures, Professor Sen gives a stimulating and enlightening overview of the development process. His compassionate yet rigourous analysis will appeal to all those interested in the fate of the developing world, from general reader to specialist.… (mere)
Medlem:danielmillernl
Titel:Development as Freedom
Forfattere:Amartya Sen
Info:Anchor (2000), Edition: Reprint, Paperback, 384 pages
Samlinger:Books to share with St. John's
Vurdering:
Nøgleord:NL People to People Library

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Development as Freedom af Amartya Sen (1999)

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Amartya Sen contesta preguntas referentes a la relación entre riqueza y capacidad de vivir, prosperidad y libertad. ( )
  hernanvillamil | Sep 10, 2020 |
The book is written in 1999, so some data and examples are outdated. The impact of the book is slightly dampened by the fact that his ideas have become less controversial than they were in 1999, and are more or less incorporated in the mainstream now.

I'm not convinced by some of his points that trend a little into political theory (he paints broad strokes over libertarianism, utilitarianism and Rawlsism), in particular I find his delinking of rights with corresponding duties more of a semantical exercise than substantive. Again, this book isn't meant to be political philosophy, so those criticisms might be nitpicky, I know he tackles alot of these issues in a fuller sense in his "Idea of Justice". I find his capabilities approach, (can also be thought of as positive rights approach) idealistic, something to aspire to, even if in some senses it's more vague to pursue.

Two points I found really fascinating was his discussion on famines and interpretations of Ken Arrow's impossibility theorem. His point that modern famines are actually due to loss of entitlements to food rather than actual fall in food output is really revolutionary, and made me think of the issue in a completely new way. I also find his interpretation of the impossibility theorem, (we don't actually need complete and transitive social preferences, an idea explored in Idea of Justice), the enlargement of the informational base as a way out of the impossibility, and partial preferences extremely original and comforting. Overall I recommend this book, it's got a ton of original ideas along with more accepted ideas and is certainly an aspirational outlook for what our society could become. ( )
  vhl219 | Jun 1, 2019 |
這是一本能夠改變觀念的書,而非僅僅傳達知識的書,由印度學者Amartya Sen發表的Development as Freedom,認為讓人民享有基本的自由,是經濟發展的要素;更進一步衍申,經濟發展本身並非我們努力的目標,而是為了自由、人權等普世價值。 亞理斯多德曾說道:「財富並非我們追求的善,它僅止於有用、且是為了別的緣故而已」。經濟、發展、財富本身並非目的,它們的用途在於讓我們達到實質的自由,包括平等、人權、弱者得到照顧,讓每個人都有能力去作他認為有價值的事情,不受壓迫與剝削等等。Amartya Sen透過實證與人文精神,精闢地闡述自由的重要性。 這本書改變我看事情的視野,也深化我去看問題的本質,不會讓101大樓或火箭昇空去誤導我們的觀念,因為我們該評價的不是財富,而是分享、慈悲、為他人著想。(中譯本由商周出版) ( )
  maoozilla | Apr 2, 2019 |
This book formed the inspiration for my master's thesis, and will always hold a special place in my heart. ( )
  abergsman | Mar 20, 2018 |
This is a treatise on the importance of individual freedom, both as an end in itself and as the best means of economic development. It is based on a series of lectures Sen gave in 1996-7, which netted him a Nobel Prize in Economic Science. Nearly two decades later, all of his points seem obvious, but I bet they were revolutionary at the time. His writing is an odd mixture of turgid institutional-ese with occasional hilarious sarcastic asides or brilliantly lucid and forthright sentences. Here's an example of the prose you get upon opening this book: "[To base our choices on reason] we need an appropriate evaluative framework; we also need institutions that work to promote our goals and valuational commitments, and furthermore we need behavioral norms and reasoning that allow us to achieve what we try to achieve."

Sen credits the "fast economic progress" of East Asian and Southeast Asian economies to social reforms; he claims that in addition to social reforms having positive economic consequences, "lack of social development can quite severely hold up the reach of economic development." He references studies done in India which showed increased economic growth and overall life expectancy and decreased infant mortality and fertility rate after initiatives to improve female literacy and out-of-the-home employment. Additionally, contrasting states within India, or India vs China, show that providing agency and education to women is more effective at reducing fertility and infant mortality than coercive birth control methods. All of this is a delight to read--it's like being told one can have one's cake and eat it too.

Increased freedom and individual agency also prevents some disasters. Sen notes that expending less than 3% of the GNP, or 4-5% of national food consumption, will end a famine, so long as the arrangements are made "in good time." They can be prevented entirely through countervailing government expenditure, particularly in (temporary) job creation. He goes on to say that "Famines are, in fact, so easy to prevent that it is amazing that they are allowed to occur at all. The sens of distance between the ruler and the ruled--between 'us' and 'them'--is a crucial feature of famines."

By far my least favorite section was entitled "Social Choice and Individual Behavior," which consists of dismantling several strawmen (It is impossible to rationally derive social choices from individual preferences! All actions have unintended consequences, so trying to do good will lead to evil, while self-interested behavior will lead to good unintended results!) and a tangled mess of Adam Smith quotes to prove that capitalism does too have ethics. Basically, Sen claims that because capitalism requires mutual trust and norms in order to function, institutional structures and common behavioral codes are created and maintained. This in turn means "the developing countries have to pay attention not only to the virtues of prudential behavior, but also to the role of complementary values, such as the making and sustaining of trust, avoiding the temptations of pervasive corruption, and making assurance a workable substitute for punitive legal enforcement." Personally, I don't understand what makes capitalism so special in this regard--people have to trust each other and set up methods by which they can keep each other in check for *any* system to work. But Sen seems convinced.

The basic message I took away from this was that instead of measuring development through gains in output, income, or consumption, we should focus on how decisions are made within the society, and what opportunities and freedoms people have. Even if development organizations are only concerned with economic growth, they should keep in mind that if people lack rights (such as the right to education or reproductive control of one's own body) and freedom, economic growth will be stalled. ( )
1 stem wealhtheowwylfing | Feb 29, 2016 |
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Sen eschews two common ways of thinking about development: 1) that aid goes to passive recipients and 2) that increasing wealth is the primary means by which development occurs. His motivation seems to come from a deep respect for subjective valuation: the individual’s autonomy and responsibility in decision making.
tilføjet af mikeg2 | RedigerHarvard Law, Victoria Stodden (Mar 18, 2008)
 

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'an enjoyable, unusual and important contribution' -John Mulqueen, Irish Times 02/02/01'The connecting theme behind these essays is that development is about expanding people's ability to do things that they have a reason to value. The rationale for this is discussed with great force, clarity and consistency.' - S.V. Subramanian, Progress in Development Studies 1(1), Jan 01.'the ideas are presented in a very accessible, nontechnical language. The writing is lucid with interesting story-telling openings... a topical and timely appeal to an audience that cuts across disciplines.' - S.V. Subramanian, Progress in Development Studies 1(1), Jan 01.'a brilliant book. Sen ranges over a vast intellectual landscape... Many authors try this kind of tour d'horizon but few succeed as well as Amartya Sen. He is a multi-faceted scholar who has thought deeply and rigourously and has published extensively. Although Development as Freedom covers imense territory, it is subtle and nuanced and its careful scholarship is manifest at every turn.' - Lars Osberg, Reviews, Compte Rendus, Autumn 2000.'Sen has looked for ways to empower the poor... Development as Freedom is a testament to Sen's unwavering commitment to the task... this is economics that should be read: not merely for the elegance of its arguments or the wisdom of its judgements, but for the deep and burnished humanity that animates it.' -David Goldblatt, The Independent' Development as Freedom is a personal manifesto: a summing up; a blend of vision, close argument, reflection and reminiscence.' -The Economist' The world's poor and dispossessed could have no more articulate or insightful a champion among economists than Amartya Sen. By showing that the quality of our lives should be measured not by our wealth but by our freedom, his writings have revolutionized the theory and practice of development. The United Nations, in its own development work, has benefited immensely from the wisdom and good sense of Professor Sen's views. ' -Kofi A. Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations' In this book, Amartya Sen develops elegantly, compactly, and yet broadly the concept that economic development is in its nature an increase in freedom. By historical examples, empirical evidence, and forceful and rigourous analysis, he shows how development, broadly and properly conceived, cannot be antagonistic to liberty but consists precisely in its increase. ' -Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobel Laureate in Economic Science' Amartya Sen has made several key contributions to research on fundamental problems in welfare economics. By combining tools from economics and philosophy, he has restored an ethical dimension to the discussion of vital economic problems. ' -From the Royal Swedish Academy Announcement of the Award of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Science.Amartya Sen is the most respected and well-known economist of his time. This book is a synthesis of his thought, viewing economic development as a means to extending freedoms rather than an end in itself. By widening his outlook to include poverty, tyranny, lack of opportunity, individual rights, and political structures, Professor Sen gives a stimulating and enlightening overview of the development process. His compassionate yet rigourous analysis will appeal to all those interested in the fate of the developing world, from general reader to specialist.

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