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At tænke - hurtigt og langsomt (2011)

af Daniel Kahneman

Andre forfattere: Se andre forfattere sektionen.

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7,982177777 (4.13)159
Major New York TimesThe New York Times Book Review
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» Se også 159 omtaler

Engelsk (161)  Hollandsk (6)  Fransk (2)  Italiensk (1)  Catalansk (1)  Spansk (1)  Tysk (1)  Alle sprog (173)
Viser 1-5 af 173 (næste | vis alle)
23.65 ( )
  MRMP | Jan 9, 2021 |
23.65 ( )
  MRMP | Jan 9, 2021 |
If you haven't yet read this book, stop reading this review and read the book. It is one of the best books yet written.

As well as providing meaningful insights into human cognition and reality, it will inspire most readers to want to become behavioral economists or cognitive psychologists, and the insights into the long running and highly productive professional relationship between Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky (who died before publication) are the model of how professionals should interact.

Essentially, Thinking, Fast and Slow presents models for how humans make decisions. The idea of an intuitive "System I" and a more reflective "System II" is discussed at length, and other biases (the "experiencing self" vs. "remembering self", and relative prioritization by individuals and society between those two elements).

A great narrative tool in the book is a reflection at the end of each chapter, placing the ideas into concrete statements made by believers -- since one of the ideas of the book is that the concrete is much more understandable and memorable than the abstract, it's especially appropriate.

As an audiobook, it works pretty well. The one area where a printed book would be superior is when numbers are presented (in examples); I have a hard time doing mental calculations on tables of numbers when they're spoken, and there were a few areas where I just didn't try. However, overall, it's a very solid audiobook -- maybe 95% as good as the text. ( )
  octal | Jan 1, 2021 |
I wish I could say "look what I've discovered!" but this book is already famous and I am sure there are many reviews that can describe it more eloquent than I can. Still, here I am and here is my review.

Thinking, Fast and Slow is about our mind, our brain, how it works and how it makes decisions and it is not nearly as good as we think it is. Daniel Kahneman, now in his eighties, has spent a life time of analyzing research and humans and it has given him a Nobel Prize in economy (the closest you come to a prize in psychology) but more importantly, an insight into the human mind.

In goodreads there are more than 400 quotes registered from this book and I think that by itself tells you how information packed and how surprising this book is. Some things I will try to remember from this book are:

* The less you know, the easier it is to make a decision. A complicated decision with partially conflicting data will make us uncomfortable. So if a hard decision seems easy, I probably don't know enough.

* We are blind to what we don't know and fill it from what we do know. If all you know about a person is that she has clean clothes, that will make you intuitively think everything about her is good and you will gladly hire that person to watch over your children or water your plants. And the worst part, we are not aware of this unless we really spend time and energy thinking about it.

* We are very reluctant to give away something once we think of it as "ours". If we bought something reluctantly for €100, we will be very unlikely to sell it for €110 once we have it in our hand. This explains some strange behaviours in economy.

* We are prepared to take large risks to avoid/reduce almost certain losses. We will take large risks to boost an almost certain win.

* We prepared to take large risks to win large (lotteries!). We will not take large risks if we risk to lose large amounts.

* If something can be formulated as a "win" certain mental rules apply, if it is formulated as a loss, other mental rules apply.

I talked with other people about this book and was told it took a long time to read and was repetitive. That was not at all my impression. Considering how full of information it is, I think 500 pages is short. Probably it feels longer than it is because you can't just skim things and you probably end up thinking (what is 17 times 24?) slowing you down. I consumed this as an audio book and I know I paused a few times to think.

This must be highly recommended. It might not be easy, but it is extremely valuable. It can change you. ( )
  bratell | Dec 25, 2020 |
The book is way longer than it could be ( )
  djsj | Dec 24, 2020 |
Viser 1-5 af 173 (næste | vis alle)
The replication crisis in psychology does not extend to every line of inquiry, and just a portion of the work described in Thinking, Fast and Slow has been cast in shadows. Kahneman and Tversky’s own research, for example, turns out to be resilient. Large-scale efforts to recreate their classic findings have so far been successful. One bias they discovered—people’s tendency to overvalue the first piece of information that they get, in what is known as the “anchoring effect”—not only passed a replication test, but turned out to be much stronger than Kahneman and Tversky thought.

Still, entire chapters of Kahneman’s book may need to be rewritten.
tilføjet af elenchus | RedigerSlate.com, Daniel Engber (Dec 1, 2016)
 
"It is an astonishingly rich book: lucid, profound, full of intellectual surprises and self-help value. It is consistently entertaining and frequently touching..."
tilføjet af melmore | RedigerNew York Times, Jim Holt (Nov 25, 2011)
 
Thinking, Fast and Slow is nonetheless rife with lessons on how to overcome bias in daily life.
tilføjet af mercure | RedigerBusinessweek, Roger Lowenstein (Oct 27, 2011)
 

» Tilføj andre forfattere (23 mulige)

Forfatter navnRolleHvilken slags forfatterVærk?Status
Daniel Kahnemanprimær forfatteralle udgaverberegnet
Egan, PatrickReadermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Eivind LilleskjæretOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Gunnar NyquistOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
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Vigtige steder
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In memory of Amos Tversky
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Every author, I suppose, has in mind a setting in which readers of his or her work could benefit from having read it.
Citater
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extreme outcomes (both high and low) are more likely to be found in small than in large samples. This explanation is not causal. The small population of a county neither causes nor prevents cancer; it merely allows the incidence of cancer to be much higher (or much lower) than it is in the larger population. The deeper truth is that there is nothing to explain. The incidence of cancer is not truly lower or higher than normal in a county with a small population, it just appears to be so in a particular year because of an accident of sampling. If we repeat the analysis next year, we will observe the same general pattern of extreme results in the small samples, but the counties where cancer was common last year will not necessarily have a high incidence this year. If this is the case, the differences between dense and rural counties do not really count as facts: they are what scientists call artifacts, observations that are produced entirely by some aspect of the method of research - in this case, by differences in sample size. p 111
Even now, you must exert some mental effort to see that the following two statements mean exactly the same thing: Large samples are more precise than small samples. Small samples yield extreme results more often than large samples do. p 111
When experts and the public disagree on their priorities, [Paul Slovic] says, 'Each side must respect the insights and intelligence of the other.' p 140
You can also take precautions that will inoculate you against regret. Perhaps the most useful is to b explicit about the anticipation of regret. If you can remember when things go badly that you considered the possibility of regret carefully before deciding, you are likely to experience less of it. You should also know that regret and hindsight bias will come together, so anything you can do to preclude hindsight is likely to be helpful. My personal hindsight-avoiding policy is to be either very thorough or completely casual when making a decision with long-term consequences. Hindsight is worse when you think a little, just enough to tell yourself later, 'I almost made a better choice.'     Daniel Gilbert and his colleagues provocatively claim that people generally anticipate more regret than they will actually experience, because they underestimate the efficacy of the psychological defenses they will deploy - which they label the 'psychological immune system.' Their recommendation is that you should not put too much weight on regret; even if you have some, it will hurt less than you now think.p 352
Unless there is an obvious reason to do otherwise, most of us passively accept decision problems as they are framed and therefore rarely have an opportunity to discover the extent to which our preferences are frame-bound rather than reality-bound. p 367
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