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Mythologies af Roland Barthes

Mythologies (original 1957; udgave 1993)

af Roland Barthes (Forfatter)

MedlemmerAnmeldelserPopularitetGennemsnitlig vurderingOmtaler
4,153312,692 (4.01)47
Essaysamling fra den franske tænker Roland Barthes' univers mellem litteratur, litteraturkritik, psykoanalyse, lingvistik og filosofi, et tidligt eksempel på dét, der senere blev kendt som semiologi.
Forfattere:Roland Barthes (Forfatter)
Info:Vintage (1993), Edition: New Ed, 128 pages
Samlinger:Dit bibliotek, Read
Nøgleord:non-fiction, philosophy, semiotics, essays

Work Information

Mytologier : udvalgte essays om vor mytologiske hverdag af Roland Barthes (1957)


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» Se også 47 omtaler

Viser 1-5 af 31 (næste | vis alle)
Dit lezen is als een mes dat door boter snijdt. Beknopt, diepgaand. Heerlijk. ( )
  Ekster_Alven | Sep 25, 2023 |
Seen as a series of monthly essays, Barthes’ Mythologies makes a narrative sort of sense. In twenty nine pieces, Barthes moves to consolidate observations about the messages of culture into a coherent system of myth. The short topical essays occasionally give way to essays of analysis, presenting ideas he eventually unites in the last and longest, “Myth Today,” and this creates an almost narrative arc. I’m not sure if the essays were arranged in the order they were written, but it seems as if they grow and wander until they are mature enough to be fully articulated.
First of all, I hate the way Barthes represents his signifier/signified/sign system. Thanks to a relative clarity of writing and translation, his examples serve to illuminate the idea, but my god, it’s unattractive as a visual, and he replaces half the words with more accurate ones in the next few paragraphs, so what the hell is it good for? On the other hand, I think by this third time I’ve seen the graphic I actually understand the concept, although I’m inclined to think that’s because of the clarity of writing rather than any graphic excellence.
His idea is that communication in culture happens through myth, a system which overlays the actual text (or photo, or audio recording) with a motivated concept. He offers three perspectives on myth: that of the mythmaker, who sees the myth as literal, the words or image as an example of the concept, like a journalist who writes a charged headline; that of the mythologist, who separates the meaning from the form it’s presented in and understands the distortion; and the reader of myths, who accepts the unification of the object and the concept, or most of the audience of a given piece of content.
The most useful ideas Barthes presents are his seven principal figures of myth, roughly:
1. The inoculation: an acknowledgement of a small evil to compensate for the preservation of a majority of the status quo
2. Privation of history: origin, choice, and context of the original object removed, to enable irresponsibility and possession without qualm
3. Identification: an inability to coexist with or understand the Other
4. Tautology: a murder of rationality and language; motionlessness
5. Neither-norism: creation of a false binary with the rejection or acceptance of both, for a solution to the problem based on bourgeois premises
6. Quantification of quality: evaluating worth based on quantities of unmeasurable things (talent, emotion, etc.)
7. The statement of fact: solidification of active speech, about tools and phenomenon that the speaker knows and uses, to reflexive speech, often proverbs or “common sense”
Even without lengthy mythological analysis, it’s easy to see where these techniques come into play in our contemporary society. I nearly overdosed on 3, 6, and 7 while hacking my way through a New Yorker issue this morning.
His conclusion is almost martyr-like. The study of myth, he says, isolates the mythologist from the rest of society. His concluding paragraph presents the mythologist as an academic Atlas, his responsibility a vast task of reconciliation, perhaps more bridge than man: “And yet, this is what we must seek: a reconciliation between reality and men, between description and explanation, between object and knowledge.”
I’m sure this would give my mother flashbacks to my visits home from college during the trial that was Lit Theory. It’s easy to get stuck in the existentialist babble phase of reading theory, the desire to explain and analyze every myth we come across, which is essentially all of it. Mom’s saintly patience in listening to me was dotted with optimistic and practical suggestions that perhaps there was more to think about than what it all means. It might be a contrary interpretation after the preceding essays, but “Myth Today” seems more like a call to live a more aware and articulated life than as a command to record and dissect individual myths. ( )
  et.carole | Jan 21, 2022 |
If it wouldn't be too much to ask I would like to know what the significations of the articles in this book were. I'll keep my dictionary handy.
  wbell539 | Dec 22, 2021 |
em português
  fibriansarax | Dec 8, 2021 |
Viser 1-5 af 31 (næste | vis alle)
Pour ces chroniques, succès durable ­depuis cinquante-trois ans, Roland Barthes partait tout simplement d'images de la vie quotidienne ou d'articles de presse, dont certains publiés dans Le Figaro. Ainsi est venue l'idée d'une réédition sous forme d'album des Mythologies, contenant 120 illustrations. Loin de l'austère «Point» Seuil, l'album se regarde autant qu'il se lit. Jacqueline Guittard, maître de conférence à l'université Picardie-Jules Verne, qui a établi la nouvelle édition, a choisi des documents authentiques, essayant parfois de deviner ceux que Roland Barthes avait eus sous les yeux et qui avaient pu déclencher sa réflexion.
tilføjet af NeueWelle | RedigerLe Figaro, Claire Bommelaer (Oct 15, 2010)

» Tilføj andre forfattere (93 mulige)

Forfatter navnRolleHvilken slags forfatterVærk?Status
Barthes, Rolandprimær forfatteralle udgaverbekræftet
Badmington, NeilIntroduktionmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
秀夫, 篠沢Oversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Eco, UmbertoForordmedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Fulka, JosefOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Lavers, AnnetteOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Madžule, SarmīteOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
Scheffel, HelmutOversættermedforfatternogle udgaverbekræftet
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Oprindelig udgivelsesdato
Vigtige steder
Vigtige begivenheder
Beslægtede film
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The grandiloquent truth of gestures on life's great occasions.
Første ord
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The virtue of all-in wrestling is that it is the spectacle of excess.
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I think that cars today are almost the exact equivalent of the great Gothic cathedrals: I mean the supreme creation of an era, conceived with passion by unknown artists, and consumed in image if not in usage by a whole population which appropriates them as a purely magical object.
Sidste ord
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Essaysamling fra den franske tænker Roland Barthes' univers mellem litteratur, litteraturkritik, psykoanalyse, lingvistik og filosofi, et tidligt eksempel på dét, der senere blev kendt som semiologi.

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