"As" vs "Like"

SnakI Survived the Great Vowel Shift

Bliv bruger af LibraryThing, hvis du vil skrive et indlæg

"As" vs "Like"

Dette emne er markeret som "i hvile"—det seneste indlæg er mere end 90 dage gammel. Du kan vække emnet til live ved at poste et indlæg.

1disquod
feb 8, 2009, 8:44pm

I have only just started reading some of the posts here, and I want to add my own pet peeve. "Do it like I do," "It's just like I said before." Phrases like that drive me a bit nutsy. In both cases it should be "as", not "like". When a verb (or part of a verb) follows, one always uses AS. I know there is something about a copulative clause and a non-copulative clause, but let's not get into that! Just remember: "Winston tastes good AS a cigarette should"!

2DaynaRT
feb 9, 2009, 8:15am

Do you have a hard time understanding or communicating with people who use like instead of as? If not, what's the problem?

3Naren559
feb 9, 2009, 9:45am

Like I "embedded" in my sons' linguistic psyches: "provincialisms usually alienate someone in your audience." Perhaps TV (which I seldom watch) has helped spread "Valley Girl talk". Much like "awesome" which doesn"t "copulate" well with me.

4Alixtii
feb 9, 2009, 10:06am

#3:

Is "like" or "as" the "provincialism" in "It's just ___ I said before"? Because I have a fairly strong suspicion which is the dominant usage in American Standard English. I don't know if I'd go so far as to be "alienated" by someone who used "as," though.

5maggie1944
feb 9, 2009, 10:33am

The challenge is to use language which is correct and enjoy reading skillful language, which is correct, while communicating. It is true one must know ones audience. For me, the primary consideration is to communicate well.

6ambushedbyasnail
feb 9, 2009, 1:22pm

I think some language pet peeves are losing battles. And I think this is a prime example of one.

7Pepys
feb 10, 2009, 3:04am

As (like? ;-) a non-native English speaker, I've never thought about "as" and "like". But one thing is sure: in the examples given in the opening post, I would definitely use "as". disquod should be happy to hear that English is still properly taught—at least—abroad.

8Naren559
feb 10, 2009, 9:58pm

How about "nukular", from our recent chicken hawk?

9Thrin
feb 11, 2009, 6:18am

I often wondered about "nukular". Was he the only one who pronounced it so, or was it commonly such in the USA?

10MarthaJeanne
feb 11, 2009, 6:23am

I know a fair number of American nuclear Physicists, and they all say 'nuclear'.

11Thrin
feb 11, 2009, 6:32am

Thanks MarthaJeanne - that's a relief!

12PossMan
feb 11, 2009, 6:57am

I think I would say "Do as I say not as I do" because that's a fairly well known phrase used by parents/teachers faced with awkward children. But if #4 is implying, as I think it is, that "like" is the dominant usage in American English I think that's probably true in British English as well.
As an aside I'm just reading a book by a man called Eisenmann and came across the word "precisified". Ugh!

13Alixtii
Redigeret: feb 11, 2009, 9:38am

I think the obvious next question is: was there ever a time when "like" and "as" were used as #1 would like them to be, or is that just the recency illusion at work? I'm tempted to Ctrl+F my way through various Gutenberg .txt files, but haven't worked up the motivation just yet.

14ambushedbyasnail
feb 11, 2009, 9:22am

#8/9: I knew a lot of kids in high school who said "nucular." Our chem teacher would yell at them about it all the time. I have no idea where it comes from, but it's definitely out there.

15MMcM
feb 11, 2009, 9:46am

In the title essay to Going Nucular and a dialogue with Pinker in NYT op-eds and Language Log posts, Nunberg argues that nucular is an affectation: people use it with arsenals, but not families. Language Hat takes the ordinary phonological development side.

Oh, and People Who Should Know Better.

16erilarlo
feb 11, 2009, 10:23am

Using "like" where "as" belongs is a substandard usage that has been so reinforced by TV, famous for dumbing down the language, that "like" has become irritatingly common and may actually be misused that way more the the formerly correct "as".

Even that misusage pales in comparison with "newcuelar", however, because it totally ignores the spelling: nuclear.
The fact that our former(praise be!) president mispronounced it tells us something about his usage in general--as if he had not made it obvious from the beginning.

17MMcM
feb 11, 2009, 11:13am

If the clause is reduced all the way to a NP, like does become mandatory, for almost all speakers. The problem with the rule that says that this is the only permitted use, needed to cover verbless reductions like “In art, as in life, ...,” is that it doesn't cover NP+PP where the PP does not modify the NP. The example in Cambridge Grammar of the English Language is “She took to it like a duck to water.”

As for the history and effectiveness of this rule, the OED says, “Now generally condemned as vulgar or slovenly, though examples may be found in many recent writers of standing.” Quotations include the c1530 “Ye have said lyke a noble lady ought to say.” and Shakespeare's “Like an arrow shot from a well experienst Archer hits the marke his eye doth leuell at.”

18Alixtii
feb 11, 2009, 11:39am

>16 erilarlo:: "like" has become irritatingly common

Is there any evidence that this usage used to be uncommon? There may be, but for some reason my first intuition is to be skeptical.

19Alixtii
feb 11, 2009, 11:45am

Okay, I have a Gutenberg file up, but I don't understand this soi-disant "rule" well enough to be able to tell whether the authors of the "good old days" are following it or not.

Is it that when Jane Austen writes in P&P,

"They have none of them much to recommend them," replied he; "they are all silly and ignorant like other girls; but Lizzy has something more of quickness than her sisters."

she is being grammatically correct (for #1's value of "correct"), but

"They have none of them much to recommend them," replied he; "they are all silly and ignorant like other girls are; but Lizzy has something more of quickness than her sisters."

would be incorrect, and should be

"They have none of them much to recommend them," replied he; "they are all silly and ignorant as other girls are; but Lizzy has something more of quickness than her sisters."

?

20Rood
feb 11, 2009, 6:09pm

Do you mean this sort of thing, PossMan (12)? It's from "Long Words Bother Me".

Precisifying everything at once makes it always false to say of a vague term that it is definitely vague. (No term is vague on every complete precisification, because no term is vague on *any* complete precisification.) But we can truly assert that a term is definitely vague if what it means is that *on all precifications of 'vague'* the term in question counts as vague.

If precisification worked this way, 'Definitely ...' would function differently on different occasions of use. It would always have the same truth-conditions as 'On all precisifications of the salient term(s) ...', but which term(s) are salient will change. Presumably context would help us determine which term(s) are salient on any particular occasion.

21PossMan
Redigeret: feb 12, 2009, 7:42am

#20 Rood: Well it came from The New Testament Code a book which I've just put down despite being less than a quarter of the way through. I've tried to find it ('precisified') again so I could quote it in context but afraid I can't find it. Glad I got the book as a remainder at a fraction of the normal price. My comment (#12) was based on the fact I've never come across this word as a verb — I would say "made more precise" or some such. Faced with your extracts I'm clearly in the wrong although I hope I'm right in thinking that you give the quotes as examples of obscure, opaque, pretentious nonsense and not to clarify. Eisenmann's book must be one of worst written books I've ever had the misfortune to buy although I should have known after struggling with his book on James.

22polutropon
feb 12, 2009, 12:09pm

16 - Language changes, and usage precedes the formalization of grammatical rules. Is it vulgarity that our own grammar differs from the grammar of Beowulf? Some grammatical distinctions matter and others don't, and you can't determine which ones are which by appealing to treatises; you have to actually listen to people communicate with one another. This is just a nitpicky rule that would make communication more cumbersome without engendering a corresponding uptick in clarity. It ought to be abandoned; that is, if it was indeed ever the standard usage to begin with.

23bonniebooks
feb 13, 2009, 2:30pm

Yeah, I have to admit that I know the difference and mostly pay attention to it when writing; but sometimes in casual conversation, or even in writing, "as" now sounds stilted.

24disquod
feb 15, 2009, 11:03pm

Sarah Palin says "nukular" as well. So much for her!

25Collectorator
feb 15, 2009, 11:09pm

People say nuculer because it's harder to say nuclear, just like it's harder to say February so you hear Febuary.

>24 disquod:, yeah! So much for her! :p

26Thrin
feb 16, 2009, 12:31am

Re: 'Nuclear'... I honestly don't see how it could be difficult to say "new" then "clear" (as I think someone else mentioned above). Could it be more difficult to pronounce it in USAn English than in 'British' English do you think? (I speak a variant of the latter.)

27Mr.Durick
feb 16, 2009, 12:37am

It is three syllables in most of the United States. That vowel-vowel syllable boundary could be problematic.

Robert

28ambushedbyasnail
feb 16, 2009, 1:28am

Wait, it's not "new-clear," it's "new-clee-er," right? Definitely 3 syllables.

29erilarlo
feb 17, 2009, 10:27am

Well, when I try the right and wrong versions of nuclear, the wrong one requires MORE jaw movement.

30Collectorator
feb 17, 2009, 10:38am

It is much harder for me to pronounce it correctly than to just slur out nuculer. I'm a Texan, of course.

31erilarlo
feb 17, 2009, 3:41pm

My sympathies. . .

32Collectorator
feb 17, 2009, 4:53pm

None taken ...

33IronMike
feb 19, 2009, 1:34am

Like Sarah Palin was saying, "Purty soon we'll all be sayin' Nukular, You betcha." (wink)

34Naren559
feb 21, 2009, 9:14am

#30: Well, now the faux Texan, the "perp" of "nuculer" is "linguist in residence" at SMU and is available for consultation.

35disquod
jan 9, 2010, 9:13pm

#19: In your first example, Austen would be considered "correct" because "other girls" contains no verb. In the second example, "like" should be "as" for the same reason, but in #3 "as" is fine because of the addition of the verb "are".

36Naren559
jan 10, 2010, 3:22pm

#33: I understand that Tina Fey is entering politics--Sarah Palin clone!

37atiara
jan 13, 2010, 3:10pm

My Grandma's originally from Texas (Dallas area) and she says nukuler. The usage note in my American Heritage dictionary says the pronunciation is influenced by the more common -cular sound as in vascular and particular.

38erilarlo
jan 13, 2010, 7:50pm

new-kew-lar has no real relationship to the spelling. I certainly can't believe people who would USE a word like "vascular" would mangle "nuclear" very often. Some people have picked it up from those who mangle many words, like our thankfully-past president.

39Naren559
jan 14, 2010, 7:22am

Not only is he "past-president", he is now permanently established as our resident linguist in his "so called" research "institute at SMU in Dallas. I am wondering, if, in the up-coming primarary election campaign, which candidate wil orally articulate "nucular" in order to garner tha immense vote of that "native" accent vote. Surely as both are former college footbal cheer leaders, one of them is bound to lead a yell for "nukuler!" QED

40erilarlo
jan 14, 2010, 9:22am

This says something I hate to believe of the majority of Texans and their use of our language.

41polutropon
jan 14, 2010, 9:37am

>40 erilarlo:, It's *their* language too, you know.

42msladylib
jan 14, 2010, 2:28pm

>41 polutropon: We must bear in mind, though, that Texas is the only state in the Union which was once a totally independent nation. I think they still speak Texan there. English and Texan are mostly mutually intelligible. Mostly.

43paulhurtley
jan 14, 2010, 4:14pm

>42 msladylib: Wasn't California independent for a week or two after they threw off the Mexican yoke?

44msladylib
jan 14, 2010, 4:35pm

>43 paulhurtley: Yes, California was independent briefly, until the United States overran it. The president served for 22 days, I think. Hardly enough time to be considered established!

Texas, on the other hand, existed as a nation-state from 1836-1935, enough for four (or three, depending on how you count Sam Houston) presidents to hold office, and for longer than some other nation-states in this world, for example, the Republic of Upper Volta. There are probably other examples on the African continent, too.

45Mr.Durick
jan 14, 2010, 5:55pm

Hawaii was an independent kingdom for awhile.

Robert

46Naren559
jan 14, 2010, 11:37pm

The only reason that Texas does not detach itself, and go floating off into the Gulf of Mexico, is because Oklahoma sucks. California "grew" as a large populated state because of Okie immigrants.

47pgrudin
jan 19, 2010, 12:49pm

I agree with Erilarlo, but I would like to present a more specific case. TV and advertising in general have far too great an influence on common usage. There leverage on what we say is greatly disproportion to their knowledge and motives. Often, people do not choose one word for another because some general ripple in the language floats it; rather the change occurs because some marketer decides that it will sound informal, down-to-earth, or cool.

"Winston tastes good/
Like a cigarette should."

There you have it in all its pristine hideousness. It is a usage propagated not for clarity but rather for gain. That it involved lies and promoted lung disease and death are merely coincidental, although they have a metaphorical resonance.

Until that ad got the upper hand, the distinction between "like" (used as a preposition) and "as" (used as a conjunction) was clear.

49PossMan
jan 20, 2010, 7:02am

#48: That's a very good treatment. I've not come across that book before.

50Naren559
jan 20, 2010, 9:44am

As I have posted before, the current proliferation of the use of the "modifier", "awesome" grates much like a pebble in my shoe. I think some sports announcer, searching for a description of some football feat used it and now it is sort of like smog in coversations. Well, even the OED gives it a legitimate precedence going back to the 1500s, as a substitute for "awful". I maintain that, as presently used, "awesome" is AWFUL. QED

51CliffordDorset
jan 20, 2010, 11:52am

>50 Naren559:
It's rather worse than having it grate as a pebble, Naren559, if it is heard as "ossum". Perhaps Americanophones find this laziness more acceptable than we Brits do?
.

52ambushedbyasnail
jan 20, 2010, 2:07pm

#50: I've said this before here, but - "awesome" is part of my vocabulary, and has been for a few years now, but here's the thing: I consciously decided to bring awesome back. Among my peers, awesome was ancient, SO nineties, SO out. And I didn't want to say "wicked" or "cool" or - god, nowadays everyone's saying "epic" and I refuse to even TOUCH that one - I wanted to be original, hip, and a little sarcastic. Saying "awesome" was total 90's flashback and achieved the hip sarcasm I wanted.

It actually surprises me to hear anyone complain about it because, like I said, where I'm from it's ancient enough to be brought back.

...maybe I'll try to bring back "swell." My grandfather's high school yearbook is full of "Good luck to one swell fella." "To one swell football player." "To a swell guy." It'll be harder to bring back, though. Being hip and sarcastic by being SO 90's is easier than doing so by being SO 40's, you know?

53polutropon
jan 20, 2010, 2:22pm

>52 ambushedbyasnail:, I've been known to say "totally rad."

54Naren559
jan 20, 2010, 3:42pm

#52 Oh so 1500s!
#53 Totally Frigid!

55Collectorator
feb 21, 2010, 11:01am

{found on the internet}
> I noted Collectorator's rather snippy response ("not taken") to your "my sympathies" when collectorator had proudly announced to being a "Texan". As Collectorator is presently in Fort Worth (right next door to Arlington), I felt that this so-called pride in "being Texan" was just too much GWB (who is definitely not a Texan, and got his political boost by the city of Arlington)crap.

posted by erilarlo at 10:32 pm (EST) on Feb 23, 2009
{.found}

That's an unusual usage of the word "snippy." Didn't you mean "snappy?" Or "wonderfully wrought?" :D

56Naren559
feb 22, 2010, 10:29am

Whatever satisfies "yall".

57Collectorator
feb 22, 2010, 1:41pm

56, I know you know yall is plural, and that I'm just one individual.

We've decided you must be referring to us, the Royal We. :) (:

58varielle
feb 22, 2010, 1:46pm

Ah, but what is "all ya'll"?

59Collectorator
feb 22, 2010, 1:48pm

Just more emphatic.

60Naren559
feb 22, 2010, 3:03pm

With slight noblesse oblige, I do address a "royal we". If you ever come across the current issue (3/19/2010) of "Texas Observer", I would encourage you to read Ruth Pennebaker's article "Still Dancing With Who Brung Me" (on page #27).