The Death of Ancient Egyptian
Bliv bruger af LibraryThing, hvis du vil skrive et indlæg
Dette emne er markeret som "i hvile"—det seneste indlæg er mere end 90 dage gammel. Du kan vække emnet til live ved at poste et indlæg.
We've read how the Chinese, while maintaining their culture, absorbed many barbaric invaders over the centuries. We know Persia and peoples farther East acceped Islam while preserving their languages. So, what happened in Egypt?
Egypt is not alone. Although countries to the East of Arabia generally retained their own languages, countries to the west of Arabia, from Syria to Morocco, were culturally dominated by Arabic Islam. I have no special knowledge of the field, but I wonder there is a difference in the effect of the Muslim invasion on countries which had previously had their ancient cultures partly effaced by the double effect of Roman occupation and conversion to Christianity. By the time the Arabs arrived, probably most literate Egyptians were speaking Greek anyway, not Egyptian.
I think it was tough for many Afro-Asiatic languages to be retained under the expansion of Arabic Islam. Saying that, it seems to me that the sub-Saharan Afro-Asiatic languages have fared quite well under Islam.
Berber is - or should I say are, there are several forms - still spoken. For many in the Moroccan community here in Holland it's still their first language - while for others that's Arabic. From what I've been told the divide is still an ethnic thing - going back to the Arab conquest.
In Morocco and its neighbors, the division between speaking Arabic and speaking a Berber language is partly geographical. Minority languages probably survived longer in southern Egypt, but these might not have been Coptic. I know some Nilo-Saharan languages are still spoken in rural areas of Sudan.