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Rebecca West (1) (1892–1983)

Forfatter af Black Lamb and Grey Falcon: A Journey through Yugoslavia

For andre forfattere med navnet Rebecca West, se skeln forfatterne siden.

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Om forfatteren

Taking her name from one of Henrik Ibsen's strong-minded women, Rebecca West was a politically and socially active feminist all her long life. She had an intense 10-year affair with H.G. Wells, with whom she had a son. A brilliant and versatile novelist, critic, essayist, and political commentator, vis mere West's greatest literary achievement is perhaps her travel diary, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon: A Journey through Yugoslavia (1942). Five years in the writing, it is the story of an Easter trip that she and her husband, British banker Henry Maxwell Andrews (whom she had married in 1930), made through Yugoslavia in 1937. A historical narrative with excellent reporting, it is essentially an analysis of Western culture. During World War II, she superintended British broadcast talks to Yugoslavia. Her remarkable reports of the treason trials of Lord Haw and John Amery appeared first in the New Yorker and are included with other stories about traitors in The Meaning of Treason (1947), which was expanded to deal with traitors and defectors since World War II as The New Meaning of Treason (1964). The Birds Fall Down (1966), which was a bestseller, is the story of a young Englishwoman caught in the grip of Russian terrorists. From a true story told to her more than half a century ago by the sister of Ford Madox Ford (who had heard it from her Russian husband), West "created a rich and instructive spy thriller, which contains an immense amount of brilliantly distributed information about the ideologies of the time, the rituals of the Russian Orthodox Church, the conflicts of customs, belief, and temperament between Russians and Western Europeans, the techniques of espionage and counter-espionage, and the life of exiles in Paris" (New Yorker). Unlike that of her more famous contemporaries, her fiction is stylistically and structurally conventional, but it effectively details the evolution of daily life amid the backdrop of such historical disasters as the world wars. Her critical works include Arnold Bennett Himself, Henry James (1916), Strange Necessity: Essays and Reviews, and The Court and the Castle (1957), a study of political and religious ideas in imaginative literature. In 1949, she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire. (Bowker Author Biography) vis mindre
Image credit: Rebecca West, 1912

Serier

Værker af Rebecca West

The Return of the Soldier (1918) 1,544 eksemplarer
The Fountain Overflows (1956) 1,055 eksemplarer
The Birds Fall Down (1966) 531 eksemplarer
Harriet Hume (1929) 284 eksemplarer
The Thinking Reed (1936) 270 eksemplarer
The Judge (1922) 253 eksemplarer
This Real Night (1984) 252 eksemplarer
Cousin Rosamund (1985) 251 eksemplarer
The Meaning of Treason (1947) 225 eksemplarer
The New Meaning of Treason (1964) 222 eksemplarer
A Train of Powder (1955) 158 eksemplarer
The Harsh Voice: Four Short Novels (1935) — Forfatter — 130 eksemplarer
Sunflower (1986) 120 eksemplarer
1900 (1982) — Forfatter — 92 eksemplarer
Survivors in Mexico (2003) 90 eksemplarer
Family Memories (1648) 80 eksemplarer
Rebecca West: A Celebration (1977) 67 eksemplarer
Virago Omnibus II (1728) — Bidragyder — 38 eksemplarer
Selected Letters of Rebecca West (1515) 32 eksemplarer
St. Augustine (1933) 28 eksemplarer
Henry James (1974) 17 eksemplarer
The Only Poet (1992) 15 eksemplarer
The Return of the Soldier [1982 film] — Original book — 8 eksemplarer
The Modern Rake's Progress (1934) 7 eksemplarer
Ending in Earnest (1967) 5 eksemplarer
Woman as Artist and Thinker (2005) 3 eksemplarer
The Vassall Affair (1963) 2 eksemplarer
Indissoluble Matrimony 2 eksemplarer
English Biographies 1 eksemplar
Parthenope (2006) 1 eksemplar
Opera in Greenville 1 eksemplar
El retorno del soldado (1982) 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

Pinocchios eventyr (1883) — Efterskrift, nogle udgaver8,125 eksemplarer
Mistress to an age : a life of Madame de Staël (1958) — Introduktion, nogle udgaver311 eksemplarer
The 40s: The Story of a Decade (2014) — Bidragyder — 275 eksemplarer
The Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism (1997) — Bidragyder — 214 eksemplarer
Maiden Voyages: Writings of Women Travelers (1993) — Bidragyder — 189 eksemplarer
The Book of Spies: An Anthology of Literary Espionage (2003) — Bidragyder — 172 eksemplarer
Selected Poems of Carl Sandburg (1777) — Redaktør, nogle udgaver157 eksemplarer
The Norton Book of Personal Essays (1997) — Bidragyder — 142 eksemplarer
My Disillusionment in Russia (1924) — Introduktion, nogle udgaver124 eksemplarer
The Penguin Book of Women's Humour (1996) — Bidragyder — 117 eksemplarer
On the Firing Line: The Public Life of Our Public Figures (1989) — Bidragyder — 113 eksemplarer
Saints for Now (1952) — Bidragyder — 103 eksemplarer
The Matter of Black Lives: Writing from The New Yorker (2021) — Bidragyder — 88 eksemplarer
Nuremberg (1978) — Forord, nogle udgaver76 eksemplarer
Great Spy Stories From Fiction (1969) — Bidragyder, nogle udgaver75 eksemplarer
The Gender of Modernism: A Critical Anthology (1990) — Bidragyder — 64 eksemplarer
Infinite Riches (1993) — Bidragyder — 54 eksemplarer
Gender in Modernism: New Geographies, Complex Intersections (2007) — Bidragyder — 12 eksemplarer
Witches' Brew: Horror and Supernatural Stories by Women (1984) — Bidragyder — 10 eksemplarer
The London Omnibus (1932) — Bidragyder — 7 eksemplarer
British and American Essays, 1905-1956 (1959) — Bidragyder — 7 eksemplarer
Agenda : Wyndham Lewis special issue — Bidragyder — 6 eksemplarer

Satte nøgleord på

Almen Viden

Kanonisk navn
West, Rebecca
Juridisk navn
Fairfield, Cicely Isabel
Andre navne
West, Rebecca
Fødselsdato
1892-12-21
Dødsdag
1983-03-15
Begravelsessted
Brookwood Cemetery, Woking, Surrey, England
Køn
female
Nationalitet
UK
Fødested
London, England, UK
Dødssted
London, England, UK
Bopæl
London, England, UK
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Ibston, Buckinghamshire, England, UK
Uddannelse
George Watson's Ladies College
Academy of Dramatic Art
Erhverv
writer
author
novelist
Time and Tide (director)
Relationer
West, Anthony (son)
Wells, H. G. (lover)
Fairfield, Letitia (sister)
West, Henry Maxwell (husband)
Organisationer
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary ∙ Literature ∙ 1972)
Time and Tide
Priser og hædersbevisninger
Royal Society of Literature Companion of Literature
Order of the British Empire (Commander, 1949)
Order of the British Empire (Dame Commander, 1959)
Women's Press Club Award for Journalism (1948)
Legion d'Honneur
Benson Medal (1966)
Kort biografi
Rebecca West was the pen name of Cicily Isabel Andrews, née Fairfield, born in London, England (some sources say Kerry, Ireland), to an Anglo-Irish-Scottish family. She was educated in Edinburgh, Scotland but had to leave school at 16. She went to London to train as an actress, and took her pseudonym from her role in the Henrik Ibsen play Rosmersholm. She became a journalist around 1911, working first for the feminist publications Freewoman and the Clarion, in support of women's right to vote, and later contributing essays and reviews to The New Republic, The New York Herald Tribune, The Statesman, The Daily Telegraph, and many other national newspapers and magazines in the UK and USA. She was at times a foreign correspondent, and wrote social and cultural criticism, book reviews, travel writing, fiction, and nonfiction. In 1918, she published her first novel, The Return of the Soldier. Other works included The Judge (1922), Harriet Hume (1929), The Thinking Reed (1936), The Fountain Overflows (1957), and The Birds Fall Down (1966). After visiting Yugoslavia and the Balkans in 1937, she published the two-volume Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (1942). Her reports on the Nuremberg trials following World War II were collected in A Train of Powder (1955). West was created a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1959. She had a 10-year liaison with H.G. Wells that began in 1913 and produced a son, Anthony West. At age 37, in 1930, she married Henry Maxwell Andrews, a banker.

Medlemmer

Discussions

February Read: Rebecca West i Virago Modern Classics (marts 2017)
Group Read, March 2016: Harriet Hume i 1001 Books to read before you die (marts 2016)
Rebecca West recommendations i Virago Modern Classics (juni 2013)

Anmeldelser

Første verdenskrig bød på mange videnskabelige gennembrud, og selvom de fleste tog sigte på at slå modstanderen ihjel, så kom der også et øget fokus på at hjælpe de sårede tilbage til en normal tilværelse. Marie Curie kørte rundt bag fronten med et hjemmelavet røntgenapparat, plastikkirurgien tog flere tigerspring frem, og psykoanalysen gav en forståelsesramme for krigens nye psykiske sygdom: granatchok. Det er det sidste emne, Rebecca West tog fat på med sin roman Soldatens hjemkomst fra 1918.

Jenny er bogens fortæller og fætter til soldaten Chris, der måtte forlade sin landsted og sin kone Kitty for at drage i kamp i Nordfrankrig. Chris var succesrig forretningsmand og hjemmet en triumf for udsøgt og god smag, selvom tabet af sønnen Oliver hang som en tung dyne over ham. Da de ikke har hørt fra ham et par uger begynder bekymringen at indfinde sig, og det bliver kun værre, da de opsøges af en fattig kvinde, der hævder at vide, at han er blevet såret.

Snart viser det sig at være rigtigt nok – blot er skaden ikke fysisk men psykisk. Chris er ramt af granatchok og i en desperat forsvarsmekanisme har hans hjerne ikke bare lukket ned for krigens rædsler men for alt, hvad der er sket de sidste 15 år. Væk er erindringen om Kitty, overtagelsen af faderens virksomhed og omdannelsen af barndomshjemmet til rammen om hans voksne liv. Da han kommer hjem, genkender han ikke Kitty og ser med mistro på den alt for gamle Jenny.

Kun én ting optager ham: Erindringen om den unge pige Margaret Allington, som han opsøgte en sommer igennem på en lille ø i Themsen; hans seneste erindring er netop billedet af hende og deres fælles lykke. Margaret er blevet en udslidt kone uden meget held i livet, men han ser aldeles hen over det, da han insisterer på at se hende igen. Kitty bliver mere og mere vred, mens Jennys følelser er mere komplekse: I starten foragter hun Margaret, men efterhånden afløses det af misundelse over det tætte og naturlige bånd mellem hende og Chris. Jenny har tydeligvis også været forelsket i den unge Chris, og det er svært for hende at være alles fortrolige efterhånden som den gamle kærlighedshistorie trevles op.

Kitty er aldrig i tvivl om, at hun vil have Chris behandlet, men Jenny er mere usikker – han er jo lykkelig med Margaret. På den anden side står det klart, at illusionen selvfølgelig ikke kan vare ved, og selvom militærets læger og familien ikke har kunnet stille noget op, så kan den tilkaldte psykoanalytiker Gilbert Anderson både forklare sagens sammenhæng og anvise en løsning. I hvert fald på erindringstabet. Smerten ved at få erindringen tilbage er en anden sag.

Den store krig påvirkede alle i de deltagende lande, og Rebecca West giver hjemmefronten og de efterladte kvinder en stemme, for selvom omdrejningspunktet er Chris’ sygdom, så forbliver kamphandlingerne usynlige for læseren. Det kan man finde andre steder – f.eks. i Ilden og Intet nyt fra Vestfronten – så det gør ikke historien mindre virkningsfuld.

Det er tydeligt, at romanen er skrevet, mens krigen stod på, og den fremstår som Barbusse’ roman som et snapshot fra en voldsom og forvirret tid. Den fremstår ikke reflekteret og velovervejet som Pat Barkers Regeneration, men Wests roman vil blive stående som et sofistikeret og læseværdigt vidnesbyrd.
… (mere)
 
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Henrik_Madsen | 77 andre anmeldelser | Jul 28, 2018 |

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Statistikker

Værker
49
Also by
29
Medlemmer
7,756
Popularitet
#3,141
Vurdering
3.8
Anmeldelser
190
ISBN
335
Sprog
10
Udvalgt
30

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