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Carl Schmitt (1888–1985)

Forfatter af Det politiskes begreb

116+ Værker 2,726 Medlemmer 22 Anmeldelser 8 Favorited

Om forfatteren

Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important and influential political theorists of the twentieth century.

Omfatter også følgende navne: Carl Schmitt, Карл Шмитт

Værker af Carl Schmitt

Det politiskes begreb (1971) 766 eksemplarer
Legality and Legitimacy (1993) 95 eksemplarer
Constitutional Theory (1993) 95 eksemplarer
Political Romanticism (1981) 86 eksemplarer
Land and Sea (1942) — Forfatter — 82 eksemplarer
The Tyranny of Values (1996) 24 eksemplarer
Writings on War (1994) 22 eksemplarer
Dialogues on power and space (2015) 17 eksemplarer
Dialogo sul potere (2006) — Forfatter — 16 eksemplarer
War/non-war: A Dilemma (1988) 11 eksemplarer
Ernst Jünger / Carl Schmitt - Briefwechsel 1930-1983 (1999) — Forfatter — 7 eksemplarer
Four Articles: 1931-1938 (1999) 7 eksemplarer
Du libéralisme autoritaire (1932) — Forfatter — 6 eksemplarer
Parlement, democratie, dictatuur (2020) 5 eksemplarer
Respuestas en N�remberg (2014) 3 eksemplarer
Estudios políticos (1975) 2 eksemplarer
Briefwechsel 1918-1935 (2007) 2 eksemplarer
O guardião da constituição (2007) 2 eksemplarer
Kara ve Deniz (2018) 2 eksemplarer
Nauka o konstytucji (2014) 2 eksemplarer
Verfassungslehre 1 eksemplar
Risposte a Norimberga (2006) 1 eksemplar
Dottrina della Costituzione (1984) 1 eksemplar
La tiranía de los valores (2007) 1 eksemplar
La dittatura 1 eksemplar
Teologia Política 1 eksemplar
Norma i odluka 1 eksemplar
Politički spisi 1 eksemplar
La unidad del mundo 1 eksemplar
Schmittiana II (1990) 1 eksemplar
Schmittiana I (1991) 1 eksemplar
Teoria da guerrilha 1 eksemplar
Nomos ziemi (2019) 1 eksemplar
Tri razprave 1 eksemplar
Politička romantika (2019) 1 eksemplar
Sul concetto di politica (2019) 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

Le noeud gordien (1953) — Forfatter, nogle udgaver15 eksemplarer

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«La Chiesa è una "persona giuridica" ma ben diversa da una società per azioni [...] è la concreta rappresentazione personale di una personalità concreta. [...] Nella sua capacità di forma giuridica sta uno dei suoi segreti sociologici. Ma la forza di attuare questa forma, come ogni altra, la Chiesa la possiede solo in quanto ha la forza della rappresentazione. La Chiesa rappresenta la civitas umana, rappresenta in ogni attimo il rapporto storico con l'incarnazione e con il sacrificio in croce di Cristo, rappresenta Cristo stesso in forma personale, il Dio che si è fatto uomo nella realtà storica. Nel rappresentare sta la sua superiorità su di un'epoca di pensiero economico (p. 38)».

Una società basata su principi economici perde la propria capacità di rappresentanza giuridica, perché è basata non su una rappresentanza ma su dei vuoti principi. Questo darebbe potere alla Chiesa stessa che invece ha una forte rappresentanzione personale. Qualsiasi idea mondana di umanità inoltre, sostiene Schmitt, soggiace ad una dialettica di realizzazione e quindi deve disumanamente cessare di essere semplicemente umana. Per questo motivo, sostiene Schmitt, la Chiesa non ha alcun avversario in Europa tranne la massoneria, perché anche le organizzazioni che promuovono la pace lo fanno in nome di un calcolo e di un fine utile. L'oggettività del capitalista è prossima alle convinzioni del comunista radicale.

Citando Karl Kautsky fa notare che la religione non è tanto un affare privato - come la società moderna ha voluto insinuare - quanto un affare di cuore. Si presenta quindi non tanto come un'istanza privata quanto come un'istanza originale e universale.
… (mere)
 
Markeret
sunchitaca | Dec 29, 2023 |
From Goodreads:

It isn't a surprise why many avoid Carl Schmitt. He was, after all, a prominent jurist in the Third Reich. Many political theorists argue it was Schmitt's very ideas that paved the way for Hitler and the Nazi's so what value could one possibly find in his works?

Though the claim that Schmitt's views enabled Nazism is contestable (see Schwab's introduction), it does not appear as if Schmitt ever denounced his party allegiance. The waters are murky indeed.

What is not up for debate, however, is that Schmitt provides a salient right-wing critique of liberalism that now reads as prescient. If human life is essentially political, then modernity's proclivity to diminish the political is equally dehumanizing. Liberalism's feeble attempt to make politics safe sucks the vitality out of life, trapping man in "the dynamic of perpetual competition and perpetual discussion" where there are only new products to buy, new debates to be had, and no decisive actions to be made (72).

For Schmitt, liberalism is fake politics. True politics only occurs with the possibility of conflict between friends and enemies: the chief distinction in the realm politics as good and evil is the chief distinction in morality.

Dividing the world between friends and enemies may appear brutal and militaristic to our modern sensibilities. But we ought to be careful about importing ideas into that distinction that Schmitt does not and even rejects. For example, calling someone an enemy does not necessarily imply a moral category or private animus. One is an enemy solely on the grounds of difference. Their way of life is not our way of life and though they may be quite peaceful now, the possibility of conflict some day under the right circumstances creates the friend-enemy distinction.

For Schmitt, this is actually a more humane way of doing politics since he rejects any appeal to universal moral principles by either the friend or the enemy. As soon as one side appeals to "humanity"to use one value of modern liberalism, he has coincidentally placed his enemy on the side against humanity. There is now no limit to what one may do to him. Total annihilation is now on the table in a way it wasn't when the difference was merely cultural. Thus, Schmitt defends the old European nation-state as the primary political organization as well as diversity, as ironic as that may be for a right-wing post liberal critic.

But as noble as Schmitt's intentions are to rid the political of universal morality, it simply won't do because there's no escaping our moral universe. Even Schmitt is inconsistent on this point, an observation Leo Strauss makes noticing Schmitt's use of "meaning." There is life and there is a meaningful way to live. Some ways of life--as Schmitt's own Nazi regime proved--really are morally abhorrent. There is also a sense that no group holds to their way of life merely because its their's but also because they think it's good. This is likely true for every group thus requiring some moral standard by which to judge which align with truth, goodness, and beauty. Even such an evaluation will help us discern friends from enemies.
… (mere)
 
Markeret
rdhasler | 12 andre anmeldelser | Nov 14, 2023 |
In this book, Schmitt discusses the arguments raised against his Politische Theologie by a theologist named Peterson. Even more than the first book, it is a reading of very specific theological and political sources that I had not encountered before reading this book. This is why I would say that this book is of less relevance to the public at large, but more so for the readers interested in Schmitt's relation with theology.

Schmitt displays some brilliant, lucid arguments that immediately convince me of the strength of his thinking (which is, again, also the danger: I believe that one should, finally, overcome Schmitt, but this is a hard task indeed). Especially the post-scriptum, where he himself suggests a counter-argument for political theology is haunting. The era of the political may have ended in a devaluation of human freedom as a reduction of freedom to the freedom of the market.… (mere)
 
Markeret
Boreque | 2 andre anmeldelser | Feb 7, 2022 |

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Associated Authors

Guy Oakes Translator
Graham McAleer Introduction

Statistikker

Værker
116
Also by
1
Medlemmer
2,726
Popularitet
#9,419
Vurdering
3.9
Anmeldelser
22
ISBN
341
Sprog
20
Udvalgt
8

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