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Karl Popper (1902–1994)

Forfatter af The Logic of Scientific Discovery

109+ Værker 9,819 Medlemmer 91 Anmeldelser 34 Favorited

Om forfatteren

Although he writes widely in philosophy, Sir Karl Raimund Popper is best known for his thesis that an empirical statement is meaningless unless conditions can be specified that could show it to be false. He was born and educated in Vienna, where he was associated with, although not actually a vis mere member of, the Vienna Circle. Two years after the German publication of his Logic of Scientific Discovery (1935), he left Austria for New Zealand, where he was senior lecturer at the University of Canterbury. In 1945 he moved to England and began a distinguished career at the London School of Economics and Political Science. According to Popper, there is no "method of discovery" in science. His view holds that science advances by brilliant but unpredictable conjectures that then stand up well against attempts to refute them. This view was roundly criticized by more dogmatic positivists, on the one hand, and by Feyerabend and Kuhn, on the other. In 1945 he published The Open Society and Its Enemies, which condemns Plato, Georg Hegel, and Karl Marx as progenitors of totalitarianism and opponents of freedom. The scholarship that underpins this book remains controversial. Popper's later works continue his interest in philosophy of science and also develop themes in epistemology and philosophy of mind. He is particularly critical of historicism, which he regards as an attitude that fosters a deplorable tendency toward deterministic thinking in the social sciences. (Bowker Author Biography) vis mindre
Image credit: Lise Meitner-Graf / © ÖNB/Wien

Serier

Værker af Karl Popper

The Logic of Scientific Discovery (1934) — Forfatter; Oversætter, nogle udgaver1,726 eksemplarer
Historicismens elendighed (1944) 960 eksemplarer
Det åbne samfund og dets fjender (1962) 903 eksemplarer
Unended Quest: An Intellectual Autobiography (1976) — Forfatter — 481 eksemplarer
Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach (1972) — Forfatter — 477 eksemplarer
All Life is Problem Solving (1995) 268 eksemplarer
Popper Selections (1985) 225 eksemplarer
Realism and the aim of science (1983) 107 eksemplarer
Cattiva maestra televisione (1994) 99 eksemplarer
Pocket Popper (Fontana Pocket Readers) (1983) — Forfatter — 55 eksemplarer
The Future Is Open (1985) 51 eksemplarer
Karl Popper Lesebuch (1995) 41 eksemplarer
De groei van kennis (1978) 39 eksemplarer
Scienza e filosofia: cinque saggi (1969) 38 eksemplarer
A World of Propensities (1990) 37 eksemplarer
Philosophy of Karl Popper: v. 2 (1974) 29 eksemplarer
Alle Menschen sind Philosophen (2002) 26 eksemplarer
Lógica das Ciências Sociais (2013) 6 eksemplarer
Tre saggi sulla mente umana (1978) 5 eksemplarer
Kritisk tenkning / utvalgte essay (2007) 5 eksemplarer
Briefwechsel (2005) 5 eksemplarer
Nuvole e orologi (2005) 4 eksemplarer
Il gioco della scienza (1992) 4 eksemplarer
Selections 3 eksemplarer
Breviario (1998) 3 eksemplarer
Popper 3 eksemplarer
Come controllare chi comanda (1996) 3 eksemplarer
Philosophy of Karl Popper (1974) 2 eksemplarer
Lo scopo della scienza (2000) 2 eksemplarer
Cercatori di verità (1997) 2 eksemplarer
Samfunnsvitenskap og profeti (1971) 2 eksemplarer
Misère de l'historicisme (1988) 2 eksemplarer
O cérebro e o pensamento (1992) 1 eksemplar
Logica cercetarii 1 eksemplar
Popper [Opere di] 1 eksemplar
Contro Marx 1 eksemplar
Contro Hegel 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues (1998) — Bidragyder — 303 eksemplarer
The Philosophy of History in Our Time (1959) — Bidragyder — 217 eksemplarer
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Forfatter, nogle udgaver190 eksemplarer
Philosophical problems of the social sciences (1965) — Bidragyder — 34 eksemplarer
Erkenntnis und Sein I Epistemologie. (1978) — Bidragyder — 5 eksemplarer

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karl popper i Philosophy and Theory (marts 2009)

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This is an epistemological approach to science. Explaining the methodology of empirical science. What matters is the testability of the claims and hypothesis, or rather, the ability to falsify them. The tests need not be done, but they must have the capacity of being tested. The method of exposing to falsification the systems to be tested, the ideas to be refuted. Statements made via falsifications cannot be verified or justified, as more tests can be done. Testing ends when the researcher decides to end them, preventing an infinite regression of tests. It is a decision that researcher make to end the testing when satisfied with the result, albeit a temporary end.

In order to have a rational discussion in science, the researchers need feedback from each other ideas and those who came before. The search is for feedback not to support the conclusions, but to refute them. Many researchers use the inductive method of making inferences, but the problem with the inductive method is that no matter the amount of data gathered, inferences are subject to being altered to potential additional data. Theories try to explain the world, with the aim to refine the theories further. Theories fate depend on decision being made whether to accept or reject them. The empirical information within a theory depends on the degree with which it is falsifiable. A big portion of the book deal with proving that probability is not scientific as the frequency results cannot be verified no matter how numerous and favorable.

The book becomes progressively more difficult to read. After the explanation of basic ideas, the author uses logical and mathematical proofs to showcase examples about the ideas. But to understand them requires having a lot of background knowledge in those areas. Some parts may be difficult to read as this is a translated book. At times, Popper uses reflections to make comment on a topic, reflections on what other people thought about certain ideas. The problem is that sometimes it is difficult to know what Popper is reflecting on, as the ideas from others are given too short of a synopsis.
… (mere)
 
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Eugene_Kernes | 15 andre anmeldelser | Jun 4, 2024 |
Great book that explains and sets the conditions for the growth of knowledge. Popper describes how every theory can be proven false, which is true given certain conditions. Popper does report that it is not in search of the prefect theory which cannot be proven wrong, but in search of a better theory that knowledge grows. Popper's examination of verisimilitude is very useful to know. Popper mentioned that clarity is really important to the point of saying that "lack of clarity is a sin, and pretentiousness is a crime", well, unfortunately Popper is not clear in all his writing. Clarity in everything is not possible considering everyone has different values for clarity. It might be that clarity requires prior knowledge (or rather training) in Popper's field which would clear up much of his arguments. The book is well written in most places.… (mere)
 
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Eugene_Kernes | 6 andre anmeldelser | Jun 4, 2024 |
«As palavras ríspidas proferidas neste livro acerca de algumas das principais figuras intelectuais da humanidade não são motivadas, quero crer, por um qualquer desejo meu de as diminuir. Nascem antes da minha convicção de que, para que a nossa civilização sobreviva, temos de quebrar o hábito da deferência para com os grandes homens. [Este livro] Esboça algumas das dificuldades que a nossa civilização enfrenta - uma civilização que podia talvez ser definida por almejar a humanidade e a razoabilidade, a igualdade e a liberdade; uma civilização que está ainda na sua infância, por assim dizer, e que continua a crescer apesar do facto de ter sido muitas vezes traída por tantos dos próceres intelectuais da humanidade. O livro tenta mostrar que esta civilização ainda não se recompôs por completo do choque do seu nascimento - a transição da sociedade tribal ou "fechada", com a sua submissão a forças mágicas, para a "sociedade aberta", que liberta os poderes críticos do homem. Tenta mostrar que o choque dessa transição é um dos fatores que tornam possível a ascensão desses movimentos reacionários que têm tentado, e continuam a tentar, derrubar a civilização e regressar ao tribalismo. E sugere que aquilo a que hoje chamamos totalitarismo pertence a uma tradição que é tão velha, ou tão nova, quanto a nossa própria civilização. Tenta, deste modo, contribuir para a nossa compreensão do totalitarismo e do significado da luta eterna contra ele.» Karl Popper[...]… (mere)
 
Markeret
luizzmendes | 10 andre anmeldelser | Mar 16, 2024 |
Not very convincing, and not a model to which scientists seem to conform.
½
 
Markeret
sfj2 | 3 andre anmeldelser | Mar 7, 2024 |

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Værker
109
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Medlemmer
9,819
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