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Donella H. Meadows (1941–2001)

Forfatter af Thinking in Systems: A Primer

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Trained as a biophysicist, American scientist Donella H. Meadows earned a Ph.D. from Harvard University. Early in her career, Meadows was a member of a joint Harvard-MIT research group that developed a computer simulation model clarifying relationships between growth and finite resources on the vis mere earth. Using this model, the Club of Rome sponsored extensive research that resulted in the best-selling book, "The Limits to Growth" (1972), co-authored by Meadows and others. Attention was focused on a doomsday prognosis if growth continued unchecked. Meadows and her associates, however, presented options for achieving a sustainable society if there were a movement away from dependence on growth, equity in wealth, and if technologies were used to enhance efficiency of natural-resource use. "Toward Global Equilibrium" (1973) and "Dynamics of Growth in a Finite World" (1974) are companion technical volumes to "The Limits to Growth." They present reports on the simulation models, examinations of economic, political, and ethical implications of the findings, and a detailed description of the computer model, World3. In addition to her research sponsored by the Club of Rome, Meadows, as one of the editors of "Groping in the Dark" (1982), fully articulates that basic human needs can be met in the future if social and political structures, as well as values, do not hinder efforts for sustainability and equity. Meadows states that equity, rather than individual and national-wealth aggrandizement, is increasingly recognized as a major factor in planetary survival. Twenty years after "The Limits to Growth," Meadows and others in "Beyond the Limits" (1992) find that some options for a sustainable future have narrowed. However, they claim that new technologies can, if employed wisely, contribute to sustainability. The book emphasizes social-policy options rather than models. After working for two years on the Club of Rome research project, Meadows became a member of the faculty at Dartmouth College where she was systems analyst and adjunct professor in the Environmental Studies Program. Meadows has a lifestyle that reflects her views about sustaining finite resources and valuing equity rather than personal economic gain. She has lived in a commune, studied Zen Buddhism, and believed that people today are ultimately responsible for a future that holds "unspeakable horrors or undreamed-of wonders." She died in 2001 from a bacterial infection. Her titles include Limits to Growth-The 30 year Update, The Electronic Oracle: Computer Models and Social Decisions and Thinking in Systems - A Primer. 30 vis mindre
Disambiguation Notice:

(eng) Donella H. Meadows and Dennis L. Meadows are different people. Both were members of the MIT team that produced The Limits to Growth in 1972.

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Associated Works

Earth '88: Changing Geographic Perspectives (1988) — Bidragyder — 13 eksemplarer

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Andre navne
Meadows, Dana
Elgin, Illinois, USA
Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
Elgin, Illinois, USA (birth)
Carleton College
Harvard University (PhD)
environmental scientist
Club of Rome
Priser og hædersbevisninger
MacArthur Fellowship (1994)
Pew Marine Fellow (1991)
Kort biografi
From the Donella Meadows Institute website: Dr. Donella H. Meadows, a Pew Scholar in Conservation and Environment and a MacArthur Fellow, was one of the most influential environmental thinkers of the 20th century. After receiving a Ph.D in biophysics from Harvard, she joined a team at MIT applying the relatively new tools of system dynamics to global problems. She became principal author of The Limits to Growth (1972), which sold more than 9 million copies in 26 languages. She went on to author or co-author eight other books.

For 16 years, Donella wrote a weekly syndicated column called “The Global Citizen,” commenting on world events from a systems point of view. It appeared in more than 20 newspapers, won second place in the 1985 Champion-Tuck national competition for outstanding journalism in the fields of business and economics, received the Walter C. Paine Science Education Award in 1990, and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in 1991.

In 1996, Donella founded the Sustainability Institute with the mission of fostering transitions to sustainable systems at all levels of society, from local to global. The Institute adopted the name of its founder in 2011 and renewed its commitment to the organization’s original mission and to making Donella’s work easily and broadly accessible.
Oplysning om flertydighed
Donella H. Meadows and Dennis L. Meadows are different people. Both were members of the MIT team that produced The Limits to Growth in 1972.



Indeholder "Dedication", "Authors' Preface", " Background", " 1972: The Limits to Growth", " The End of Growth", " 1992: Beyond the Limits", " 1970 - 2000: Growth in the Human Footprint", " What Will Happen?", " Was Limits to Growth Correct?", " Why Another Book?", " Scenarios and Forecasting", " Overshoot and Collapse in Practice", " Plans for the Future", "1. Overshoot", "2. The Driving Force: Exponential Growth", " The Mathematics of Exponential Growth", " Things That Grow Exponentially", " World Population Growth", " World Industrial Growth", " More People, More Poverty, More People", "3. The Limits: Sources and Sinks", " Renewable Sources", " Food, Land, Soil", " Water", " Forests", " Species and Ecosystem Services", " Nonrenewable Sources", " Fossil Fuels", " Sinks for Pollution and Waste", " Beyond the Limits", " Living on Capital, Not Income", "4. World3: The Dynamics of Growth in a Finite World", " The Purpose and Structure of World3", " The Purpose of World3", " The Structure of World3", " Limits and No Limits", " How to Read World3 Scenarios", " Limits and Delays", " Overshoot and Oscillation", " Overshoot and Collapse", " World3: Two Possible Scenarios", " Why Overshoot and Collapse?", "5. Back from Beyond the Limits: The Ozone Story", " The Growth", " The Limit", " The First Signals", " The Delays", " Overshoot: The Ozone Hole", " The Next Response: Delays in Practice", " Getting Along without CFCs", " The Moral of the Story", "6. Technology, Markets, and Overshoot", " Technology and Markets in the 'Real World'", " Stretching the Limits with Technology in World3", " Some Disclaimers", " Why Technology and Markets Alone Can't Avoid Overshoot", " An Example of Market Imperfection: Swings in the Oil Market", " Technology, Markets, and the Destruction of Fisheries", " A Summary", "7. Transitions to a Sustainable System", " Deliberate Constraints on Growth", " Constraints on Growth Plus Improved Technologies", " The Difference 20 Years Can Make", " How High Is Too High?", " The Sustainable Society", "8. Tools for the Transition to Sustainability", " The First Two Revolutions: Agriculture and Industry", " The Next Revolution: Sustainability", " Visioning", " Networking", " Truth-Telling", " Learning", " Loving", "Appendices", " 1. Changes from World3 to World3-03", "2. Indicators of Human Welfare and Ecological Footprint", " Background", " The Human Development Index of UNDP", " The Human Welfare Index in World3", " The Ecological Footprint of Mathis Wackernagel", " The Human Ecological Footprint in World3", "Endnotes", "List of Tables and Figures with Sources", "Index".

En meget sober opdatering til "Grænser for vækst". Konturerne af problemet står meget klarere og diverse mirakel-løsninger er ikke vejen frem. Hvor er ålene og insekterne blevet af?
… (mere)
bnielsen | 6 andre anmeldelser | Dec 28, 2023 |
Indeholder "Forord", "Indledning", "Kommentar til sprogbrugen", "1. Overskridelse", "2. Den drivende kraft: Eksponentiel vækst", " Matematikken i eksponentiel vækst", " Ting der vokser eksponentielt", " Verdensbefolkningens vækst", " Den globale industrivækst", " Mere fattigdom, flere mennesker, mere fattigdom", "3. Grænserne: Kilder og dræn", " Vedvarende resourcer", " Føde", " Vand", " Skove", " De andre arter af liv", " Ufornyelige kilder", " Fossile brændsler", " Råstoffer", " Dræn for forurening og affald", " Hinsides grænserne for gennemstrømme", "4. Vækstens dynamik i en begrænset verden", " Formålet med og strukturen i World3", " Grænser og ingen grænser", " Sådan læses World3-scenarier", " Grænser og forsinkelser", " Overskridelse og sammenbrud", " World3: To mulige scenarier", " Hvorfor overskridelse og sammenbrud?", "5. Tilbage fra grænseoverskridelse: Historien om ozonlaget", " Væksten", " Grænsen", " De første signaler", " Den første reaktion", " Erosion: Ozonhullet", " Den næste reaktion", " Hvordan man klarer sig uden CFC", " Moralen af historien", "6. Teknologi, markeder og overskridelse", " Teknologi og markeder i 'Den virkelige verden'", " Udskydelse af grænserne ved hjælp af teknologi i World3", " Grunden til at teknologi og markeder ikke alene kan forhindre overskridelse", " Teknologi, markeder og ødelæggelsen af fiskerierhvervene", " Resumé", "7. Overgang til et bæredygtigt system", " Bevidst begrænsning af vækst", " Begrænsning af væksten plus forbedrede teknologier", " Den forskel som tyve år kan gøre", " Hvor højt er for højt?", " Det bæredygtige samfund", "8. Overskridelse, men ikke sammenbrud", " De første to revolutioner: Agrarrevolutionen og Den industrielle revolution", " Den næste revolution: Bæredygtighed", " Visioner", " Netværk", " Sandhed", " Indlæring", " Kærlighed", "Appendiks: Forskning og undervisning med World3", " Elementerne og relationerne i World3", " Udviklingen af Stella-versionen af World3", " Ændringer i World3 for at skabe World3/91", " Landbrug", " Population", " Ressourcer", " Teknologi", " Scenarier", " Målestoksforhold i World3/91-scenarier", " Den tekniske dokumentation til World3", " Software til computersimulationer", " Supplerende undervisningsmateriale", "Noter", "Fortegnelse over tabeller og figurer med kildeangivelser", "Fortegnelse over systemudtryk", "Register".

Væsentligt emne, men den engelske udgave er bedre.
… (mere)
bnielsen | Mar 31, 2014 |



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