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Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009)

Forfatter af Tristes Tropiques

134+ Works 8,141 Members 68 Reviews 13 Favorited

Om forfatteren

Claude Levi-Strauss, a French anthropologist, was the founder of structural anthropology. This theoretical position assumes that there are structural propensities in the human mind that lead unconsciously toward categorization of physical and social objects, hence such book titles as The Raw and vis mere the Cooked (1964) and such expositions of his work by others as The Unconscious in Culture and Elementary Structures Reconsidered. According to Levi-Strauss, the models of society that scholars create are often dual in nature:status-contract (Maine): Gemeinschaft-Gesellschaft (Tonnies); mechanical-organic solidarity (Durkheim); folk-urban (Redfield); universalism-particularism (Parsons); and local-cosmopolitan (Merton). Levi-Strauss's writings---some of which have been described by Clifford Geertz as "theoretical treatises set out as travelogues"---have been enormously influential throughout the scholarly world. George Steiner has described him, along with Freud (see also Vol. 5) and Marx (see also Vol. 4), as one of the major architects of the thought of our times. Levi-Strauss died October 30, 2009. (Bowker Author Biography) vis mindre

Serier

Værker af Claude Lévi-Strauss

Tristes Tropiques (1955) 1,783 eksemplarer
The Savage Mind (1962) 1,111 eksemplarer
Structural Anthropology (1958) 968 eksemplarer
Totemism (1962) 370 eksemplarer
Race et histoire (1952) 325 eksemplarer
The Elementary Structures of Kinship (1969) 245 eksemplarer
The Way of the Masks (1975) 169 eksemplarer
Structural Anthropology, Volume 2 (1973) 161 eksemplarer
Look, Listen, Read (1993) 129 eksemplarer
The View from Afar (1969) 104 eksemplarer
The Jealous Potter (1985) 83 eksemplarer
The Story of Lynx (1991) 75 eksemplarer
The Other Face of the Moon (2011) 58 eksemplarer
Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World (2011) — Forfatter — 58 eksemplarer
De près et de loin (1988) 50 eksemplarer
The Scope of Anthropology (1967) 49 eksemplarer
Oeuvres (2008) 46 eksemplarer
Babbo Natale giustiziato (1994) 39 eksemplarer
L'identité (1977) 34 eksemplarer
A World on the Wane (1961) 34 eksemplarer
Palabra dada (1984) 32 eksemplarer
Elogio dell'antropologia (1968) 11 eksemplarer
Strukturale Anthropologie Zero (2019) 8 eksemplarer
De Montaigne à Montaigne (2016) 8 eksemplarer
Carsten Höller: Soma: Documents (2011) 7 eksemplarer
Arte, Linguagem, Etnologia (1969) 7 eksemplarer
Loin du Brésil (2005) 6 eksemplarer
"Chers tous deux". Lettres à ses parents (1931-1942) (2015) — Forfatter — 5 eksemplarer
Correspondance 1942-1982 (2018) 4 eksemplarer
Minhas palavras 3 eksemplarer
Estructuralismo y ecología (1979) 3 eksemplarer
Tristes Tropiques - Illustrations hors texte (2011) — Fotograf — 3 eksemplarer
El análisis estructural (1991) 2 eksemplarer
El oso y el barbero 2 eksemplarer
Mythos ohne Illusion (1995) — Bidragyder — 2 eksemplarer
Cristi di oscure speranze (2008) 2 eksemplarer
El proceso ideológico 2 eksemplarer
DİN VE BÜYÜ 2 eksemplarer
Livi-Strauss e l'antropologia strutturale — Forfatter — 2 eksemplarer
Irk, tarih ve kültür (2011) 2 eksemplarer
Polémica (1972) 2 eksemplarer
L'Arc 1 eksemplar
TDR #96: Masks 1 eksemplar
Mythologiques 1 eksemplar
Absolute Claude Levi-Strauss (2004) 1 eksemplar
Het gezin 1 eksemplar
La sociologia francese (2013) 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

Morphology of the Folktale (1928) — Efterskrift, nogle udgaver804 eksemplarer
The Raven Steals the Light (1984) — Introduktion — 245 eksemplarer
Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach (1958) — Bidragyder — 209 eksemplarer
Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (1996) — Bidragyder — 205 eksemplarer
Sun Chief: The Autobiography of a Hopi Indian (1942) — Forord, nogle udgaver174 eksemplarer
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Bidragyder — 110 eksemplarer
Myth: A Symposium (1955) — Bidragyder — 93 eksemplarer
Magic, witchcraft, and curing (1967) — Bidragyder — 92 eksemplarer
India in Mind (2005) — Bidragyder — 80 eksemplarer
The Structural Study of Myth and Totemism (1967) — Bidragyder — 56 eksemplarer
A History of the Family, Volume I: Distant Worlds, Ancient Worlds (1986) — Introduktion — 38 eksemplarer
La linguistica e le scienze dell'uomo : sei lezioni sul suono e sul senso (1976) — Introduktion, nogle udgaver3 eksemplarer
Le livre Terre humaine (1993) — Bidragyder — 3 eksemplarer
Comment travaillent les écrivains (1978) — Bidragyder — 3 eksemplarer
Profil D'Une Oeuvre: Levi-Straus (1979) — Bidragyder — 2 eksemplarer
Brésil Indien : Les arts des Amérindiens du Brésil (2005) — Forord — 2 eksemplarer
Le masque. Musée Guimet, Paris — Forfatter — 1 eksemplar

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Juridisk navn
Lévi, Gustave Claude
Fødselsdato
1908-11-28
Dødsdag
2009-10-30
Begravelsessted
Lignerolles, France (Village in the Côte-d’Or region southeast of Paris)
Køn
male
Nationalitet
France
Land (til kort)
France
Fødested
Brussels, Belgium
Dødssted
Paris, France
Dødsårsag
Naturelle (Vieillesse)
Bopæl
Brussels, Belgium (birth)
Paris, France
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
New York, New York, USA
Uddannelse
University of Paris (Ph.D|1948)
Lycée Condorcet
Lycée Janson-de-Sailly
Erhverv
anthropologist
ethnologist
memoirist
professor
Organisationer
Académie française (1973)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary, Literature, 1977)
Centre national de la recherche scientifique
Musée de l'Homme
École Pratique des Hautes Études
École Libre des Hautes Études (vis alle 10)
New School for Social Research
Collège de France
University of São Paulo
French Army
Priser og hædersbevisninger
Premi Internacional Catalunya (2005)
Kort biografi
Claude Lévi-Strauss was born to French Jewish parents living and working in Brussels, Belgium. He grew up in Paris and attended the Lycée Janson de Sailly and the Lycée Condorcet.

He studied law and philosophy at the Sorbonne, passing the aggregation (civil service teaching exam) in philosophy in 1931. After a few years of teaching, he decided at the last minute to join a French cultural mission to Brazil as a professor of sociology at the University of São Paulo. He and his wife Dina lived and did anthropological work in Brazil from 1935 to 1939. During this time, he accompanied his wife, a trained ethnographer, on fieldwork in the Amazon rainforest. The couple returned to France in 1939 and he served briefly in the French army in World War II before taking a teaching job at a lycée in Montpellier. He was dismissed from the school under the Vichy racial laws. He fled France by boat to Martinique, and then went on to the USA. He took a position at the New School for Social Research in New York City. With Jacques Maritain, Henri Focillon, and Roman Jakobson, he was a founding member of the École Libre des Hautes Études, a kind of university-in-exile for French academics.

After a stint as a cultural attaché to the French embassy in Washington, D.C., from 1946 to 1947, Lévi-Strauss returned to Paris and received his doctorate from the Sorbonne. One of his theses was published the following year as Les Structures élémentaires de la parenté (The Elementary Structures of Kinship, 1948), which quickly came to be considered one of the most important anthropological works on the subject. Throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s, Lévi-Strauss continued to write and publish successful and influential works. He became involved with the administration of the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and the Musée de l'Homme before finally becoming a professor at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. He became one of France's best-known intellectuals with his book Tristes Tropiques (1955), a memoir of his years as an expatriate. In 1962, he published one of his most important works, La Pensée Sauvage (English translation, The Savage Mind). Lévi-Strauss spent the second half of the 1960s working on his masterpiece, a four-volume study called Mythologiques, which included Le Cru et le cuit (The Raw and the Cooked, 1964);
Du miel aux cendres (From Honey to Ashes, 1966);
L'Origine des manières de table (The Origin of Table Manners, 1968); and
L'Homme nu (The Naked Man, 1971). In 1973, he was elected to the Académie française, was invited to join the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and received the Erasmus Prize. France awarded him the Légion d'honneur, and Ordre national du Mérite, and he was named Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres. After his retirement, he continued to publish occasionally on art, music, philosophy, and poetry. His final book, Nous sommes tous des cannibales (We Are All Cannibals) was published posthumously in 2013.

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Markeret
luvucenanzo06 | Sep 8, 2023 |
The author was one of the great anthropologists of the 20th century. He started out studying philosophy between the wars and was heavily influenced by Marx and Freud. His theory of structualism seems, at least superficially, to be a Marxist or Hegelian view of society. Structuralism is not really discussed or explained in this book, and that is probably why it is his most popular. I've read that he cobbled Tristes Tropiques together from other published magazine articles, travelogues and his notes. The book does read that way, but some of it, perhaps much of it, is quite fascinating. I found the central part of the book about his time with the Nambikwara and Tupi-Kawahib tribes in Brazil to be the most straight forward and interesting. Other extraneous chapters include a detailed summary of a play that was never published, an account of a trip to a Pakistani archeological site and a great description of his escape from Vichy France to Mozambique.… (mere)
 
Markeret
markm2315 | 21 andre anmeldelser | Jul 1, 2023 |

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Værker
134
Also by
21
Medlemmer
8,141
Popularitet
#2,972
Vurdering
½ 3.7
Anmeldelser
68
ISBN
585
Sprog
27
Udvalgt
13

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