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Madame de La Fayette (1634–1693)

Forfatter af Fyrstinden af Clèves

55+ Works 2,790 Members 71 Reviews 3 Favorited

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Disambiguation Notice:

(eng) Do not confuse or combine her with Marie Adrienne Françoise (known as Adrienne), Marquise de Lafayette (1759–1807), French émigré and memoirist married to Gilbert du Motier, the famous Marquis and General de Lafayette who fought in the American War of Independence.

Værker af Madame de La Fayette

Fyrstinden af Clèves (1678) 2,287 eksemplarer
La Princesse de Montpensier (1662) 62 eksemplarer
Romans et nouvelles (1864) 40 eksemplarer
Storia di Enrichetta d'Inghilterra (1882) 25 eksemplarer
Zayde: A Spanish Romance (1982) 16 eksemplarer
The Comtesse de Tende (1664) 10 eksemplarer
Œuvres complètes (2014) 10 eksemplarer
La princesse de cleves (extraits) (1968) 9 eksemplarer
L'amor geloso (1980) 8 eksemplarer
A Princesa de Clèves (2013) 3 eksemplarer
Klasszikus francia kisregények (1988) 3 eksemplarer
Correspondance 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

Great French Short Stories (1946) — Bidragyder — 72 eksemplarer
La Princesse de Montpensier [2010 film] (2010) — Original book — 14 eksemplarer
La Princesse de Clèves (French Edition) (2019) — Forfatter — 7 eksemplarer
Great French romances : four complete novels (1946) — Bidragyder — 4 eksemplarer

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Kanonisk navn
La Fayette, Madame de
Andre navne
La Fayette, Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne comtesse de
Pioche de la Vergne, Marie-Madeleine (birth name)
Comtesse de la Fayette
Fødselsdato
1634-03-18
Dødsdag
1693-05-25
Begravelsessted
Église Saint-Sulpice de Paris
Køn
female
Nationalitet
France
Fødested
Paris, France
Dødssted
Paris, France
Bopæl
Paris, France
Erhverv
aristocrat
maid of honor
salonnière
writer
Relationer
La Rochefoucauld, François de (friend)
Madame de Sévigné (friend)
Kort biografi
Madame de La Fayette, née Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, was born into a wealthy and well-connected family of French minor nobility. Her mother attended the duchesse de d'Aiguillon, a niece of Cardinal Richelieu. Her father, Marc Pioche, who added de La Vergne to the family name, died when she was 15. A year later, in 1650, she became a maid of honor to Queen Anne of Austria and began to acquire a literary education from the scholar Gilles Ménage, who taught her Italian and Latin. He also introduced her to the circle of précieuses who frequented the fashionable literary salons of Madame de Rambouillet and Madeleine de Scudéry. In 1655, Marie-Madeleine was married to François Motier, comte de La Fayette, a widower twice her age, with whom she had two sons. She accompanied him to his family estates in the Auvergne, although she returned frequently to Paris, where she successfully opened her own salon at her home, a sumptuous private mansion in the rue de Vaugirard. Madame de La Fayette became a close friend of Princess Henriette-Anne of England, future Duchess of Orléans, who asked her to be her biographer. With the encouragement of Ménage, Madame de La Fayette decided to take up writing. The only work of which she signed her own name was a short portrait of her friend Madame de Sévigné, which appeared in a collection entitled Divers Portraits. In 1662, she published La Princesse de Montpensier, a historical short story, under the pen name of Segrais. In 1669, she published the first volume of a novel called Zaïde, also under the name Segrais, with the second volume appearing in 1671. However, her most famous and lasting work was La Princesse de Clèves (The Princess of Cleves), first published in 1678, which was an immediate success. It is considered France's first historical novel, and a prototype of the early psychological novel as it explored the relationships between individuals in a new, realistic context. La Princesse de Clèves is still taught in high schools and universities around the world. Madame de La Fayette led a less active social life in her later years. Three of her works were published posthumously: La Comtesse de Tende (1720), Histoire d’Henriette d’Angleterre (1720), and Mémoires de la Cour de France pour les années 1688 et 1689 (Memories of the Court of France, 1731).
Oplysning om flertydighed
Do not confuse or combine her with Marie Adrienne Françoise (known as Adrienne), Marquise de Lafayette (1759–1807), French émigré and memoirist married to Gilbert du Motier, the famous Marquis and General de Lafayette who fought in the American War of Independence.

Medlemmer

Anmeldelser

A short but very tricky read given all those long sentences and the surprisingly complex relations for a novelette of 50 pages, La Princesse de Montpensier is another tale by Madame de La Fayette in her quite distanced and objective narrative style describing the travails of ill-fated love and the limits codes of honour place upon human happiness. I think I liked Tende a little better as it seemed more darkly comic by comparison whereas Montpensier plays more tragic. Hopefully this will be good practice for Princesse de Clèves.… (mere)
 
Markeret
franderochefort | 4 andre anmeldelser | Aug 8, 2023 |
Easily the oldest French text I've read so far though French has changed much less than English in the same space of time so I didn't find it much harder than the material I've already been reading*. La Comtesse de Tende is a very short story about adultery, passion and shame with a surprisingly dark comic streak underlying it that I didn't really expect. An interesting appetizer for when I eventually take up La Princesse de Cleves in the near future.

*That said, this was a hell of a way to discover that "grosse" can also mean pregnant - I was very confused for a little while.… (mere)
 
Markeret
franderochefort | 2 andre anmeldelser | Aug 8, 2023 |
La Princesse de Clèves is remarkable as one of the first real psychological novels to delve into the emotions, thoughts and interior life of its characters in great depth - in that aspect it feels ahead of its time in so many ways, as it does also in its moral ambiguity and the dilemma at its core over which debate raged (and to a lesser extent still does). Clèves predates Les Liaisons dangereuses by a century in its depiction of a fiercely regulated aristocratic society and order where the smallest indiscretions face ruthless punishment and shame even as the proper veneer disguises a seedy and illicit underbelly; the Princess' reactions to this and to the adulterous temptations she is drawn toward through the love of the Duke of Nemours are hard to discern the core root of, whether they be born out of genuine belief and martyrdom for a notion of purity or a more pragmatic withdrawal from the hothouse environment of the French court - she might appear a tragic victim of such a society even in the former instance, and the quasi-medieval view of passion and marriage as so in conflict gives this a pessimistic air to this day, but there's much in here to chew over and it's probably Mme. de la Fayette's finest accomplishment having previously read her shorter pieces.

________

As I commonly found with her works, the actual French vocabulary used is quite intuitive and easy to pick up; I had trouble at first because the first part of this novel is made up of one of the world's worst exposition dumps but it picks up greatly from there onward and also became a much easier read such that even though I was going from my Kindle I barely used the dictionary even if I sometimes had to struggle to piece together the older literary structure. Some wonderful literary French expressions and turns of phrase I learnt from this also.
… (mere)
 
Markeret
franderochefort | 54 andre anmeldelser | Aug 8, 2023 |
La principessa di Clèves è la storia di una giovane donna che sacrifica il suo cuore sull'altare della paura di soffrire.

Sposata ad un uomo che la ama, la principessa di Clèves si innamora del duca di Nemours, non meno degno del marito del suo amore. La sua tranquillità e la sua pace scompaiono quindi nel timore di tradire il marito, un'azione tanto lontana dal suo carattere e dalla sua educazione.

Deciderà quindi di agire contro le convenzioni amorose e mondane dell'epoca: confesserà al marito la sua debolezza, scaricando così sulle spalle del consorte il peso di una consapevolezza che lo divorerà. Così facendo, però, metterà se stessa al sicuro dal cedere alle lusinghe del duca di Nemours senza impedirsi di fantasticare su una loro relazione.

La principessa di Clèves si dimostra un personaggio egoista che mira alla propria serenità, che per lei equivale a rinunciare ad ogni pena d'amore. E per raggiungere il suo scopo continuerà ad usare la figura del marito anche da morto, finché il suo isolamento non le garantirà la tranquillità che aveva sempre desiderato.
… (mere)
 
Markeret
lasiepedimore | 54 andre anmeldelser | Aug 1, 2023 |

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Statistikker

Værker
55
Also by
6
Medlemmer
2,790
Popularitet
#9,213
Vurdering
½ 3.4
Anmeldelser
71
ISBN
256
Sprog
17
Udvalgt
3

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