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Lucy S. Dawidowicz (1915–1990)

Forfatter af The War Against the Jews: 1933-1945

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(yid) VIAF:22140598

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Kanonisk navn
Dawidowicz, Lucy S.
Andre navne
Schildkret, Lucy (birth)
Fødselsdato
1915-06-16
Dødsdag
1990-12-05
Køn
female
Nationalitet
USA
Fødested
New York, New York, USA
Uddannelse
Hunter College (BA|1936)
Columbia University
Sholem Aleichem Mitlshul
Erhverv
historian
writer
scholar
professor
Organisationer
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Kort biografi
Lucy Schildkret was born to a Polish-Jewish immigrant family in New York City. Despite their financial difficulties, her parents were committed to giving their daughter a strong education in both Jewish and secular subjects. Lucy studied at the Sholem Aleichem Mitlshul, a secular, Yiddishist supplementary school, and graduated from Hunter College in 1936. In 1937, after a hiatus, she re-entered Columbia to pursue her master’s degree. After completing her course work, Lucy went to Vilna, Poland, nicknamed the "Jerusalem of Lithuania," to conduct research on Jewish history. During the year she spent there, she worked with major Jewish scholars and writers. The period culminated in her flight from Vilna only days before the Germans and Russians invaded. Lucy spent the rest of her life commemorating the destroyed world she had so briefly known. In 1940, she joined the staff at YIVO, the Institute for Jewish
Research, in New York and for the next six years devoted herself to helping expand the organization and following the course of World War II. In 1948, she married Szymon Dawidowicz, a political refugee from Poland. When the war ended, Lucy Dawidowicz left her job and the Jewish history program at Columbia University, which she never completed, to enlist in the Joint Distribution Committee. She spent 18 months in Germany, serving among Jewish survivors and helping to catalog the thousands of books confiscated by the Nazis. Back in the USA, she was hired by the American Jewish Committee as a research analyst and eventually promoted to director of research. In 1969, she left the AJC to serve as an associate professor at Yeshiva University. By 1974, she was a full professor and held first the Lewis Chair in Holocaust Studies and subsequently the Zborowski Chair in Interdisciplinary Holocaust Studies. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Lucy Dawidowicz wrote critically-acclaimed books and articles and received numerous awards. Her most famous and controversial book was The War Against the Jews, 1933–1945 (1975).
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VIAF:22140598

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FOR REFERENCE:

Contents:

• Acknowledgments
• Introduction to the Tenth Anniversary Edition
• The Subject: Definitions and Contours

Part I: The Final Solution
1. The Jews in Hitler's Mental World
2. Anti-Semitism in Modern Germany
3. Phase One: Anti-Jewish Legislation, 1933-1935
4. The SS: Instrument of the Final Solution
5. Foreign Policy, Race, and War
6. Phase Two: From Internal War to World War
7. The Annihilation Camps: Kingdom of Death
8. A Retrospective view

Part II: The Holocaust
9. Between Freedom and Ghetto: The Jews in Germany, 1933-1938
10. Death and Life in the East European Ghettos
11. The Official Community: From Kehilla to Judenrat
12. The Alternative Community
13. Countercommunity: The Political Underground
14. Who Shall Live, Who Shall Die
15. "For Your Freedom and Ours"
16. Jewish Behavior in Crisis and Extremity

• Appendices
• Notes
• Sources
• Supplementary Sources to the Tenth Anniversary Edition
• Index
… (mere)
 
Markeret
villemezbrown | 6 andre anmeldelser | Mar 4, 2024 |
An idiosyncratic one volume history of the holocaust. I had avoided it previously, but recently read something that gave it a plug (I don't remember what). Somewhat notorious for the negative review by Raul Hilberg author of the multivolume Destruction of the European Jews. The holocaust, being what it was, involving who it involved, being associated with so much guilt in the survivors and being followed by the creation of Israel, seems to commonly have its histories fairly thoroughly criticized (there's a sentence for you). This book is sort of the anti-Hilberg history. He concentrated on the bureaucracy of the Nazi's and gave short shrift to Jewish resistance (some say), while this book quickly summarizes the holocaust from the Nazi's view point, then concentrates on the Jewish response, Jewish political parties, and Jewish resistance, whether successful or not. I learned a great deal from it, although one could get tired of hearing how the Left wing Zionists and the Right wing Zionists differed from the Bund, Dror, the PPR, etc. I found, though, that by enriching my knowledge of the myriad of Jewish parties and groups, it served to make the Jews in that time and place more real and to make it more difficult to make blanket statements about their predicament or what they "should have done". There are a few howlers - p.72 "When he [Himmler] completed agricultural school, he got a job ... at a nitrogen fertilizer company, reflecting, no doubt, a streak of coprophilia." Really! (Not that I doubt his coprophilia, just that I don't think that working at a chemical fertilizer plant could indicate this "without doubt").… (mere)
 
Markeret
markm2315 | 6 andre anmeldelser | Jul 1, 2023 |
The author divides her work into two parts: the first focuses on the Nazis and is fascinating in the same way that a poisonous viper demands your attention. With impeccable and overwhelming research one sees that National Socialism was an outgrowth of centuries of German reaction to liberalism. She argues that the growth of a mythical "Volk" that mixes Teutonic mythology, reactionary ideology, and anti-Semitism stems from resistance to Napoleon's imposition on the fractured German states of French concepts of freedom and equality. Hitler then added a personal obsessional hatred of Jews that borrowed descriptions of them as "vermin" and "bacteria." He globalized the threat he saw posed by the Jews by conflataing Bolshevism and Judaism, with which justified his attack on Russia. The author makes the point that Hitler's spewing in Mein Kampf in the mid-1920s was an accurate forecast of his domestic and foreign policy. It's fascinating, well-written, and repulsive, as the entire Volk takes pride in how many Jews were extirminated. The second half of the book though, which concentrates on how the Jews reacted to the mortal threat upon them I found too pedantic and masochistic. As members of various Jewish organizations in Germany debated doctrinal issues, the Nazis were preparing to kill them all. It reminds me of the Woody Allen line about talking to a Nazi only with a baseball bat. However, the Jews didn't use weapons; they deluded themselves into thinking that rational arguments would win the day. I couldn't read it.… (mere)
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Markeret
neddludd | 6 andre anmeldelser | Jun 3, 2011 |

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1,881
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