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Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881)

Forfatter af The French Revolution: A History

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Om forfatteren

Thomas Carlyle was a social critic and historian born in Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, December 4, 1795, the same year as John Keats, but Carlyle is considered an early Victorian rather than a Romantic. After completing his elementary studies, he went to the University of Edinburgh but left vis mere in 1814 without a degree. His parents wanted him to become a minister in the Scottish church, but his independence of spirit made such a life program impossible. In 1816 he fell in love with, and was rejected by, a young woman. His love affair was followed by a period of doubt and uncertainty described vividly in Sartor Resartus, a work published in 1833 that attracted much attention. Carlyle's first literary work reveals his admiration for German thought and philosophy, and especially for the two great German poets Schiller and Goethe. The fictional autobiography of a philosopher deeply impressed Ralph Waldo Emerson who brought it back to the United States to be published there. History of the French Revolution (1837), rewritten after parts of it were mistakenly burned as kindling by John Stuart Mill, cemented Carlyle's reputation. The work brought him fame but no great wealth. As a result of his comparative poverty he was induced to give four series of public lectures. Of these the most famous were those On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic of History delivered in 1840 and published in 1841. Past and Present (1843), and Latter Day Pamphlets (1850) present his economic and industrial theories. With The Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell (1845), The Life of John Sterling (1851), and History of Frederick II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great (1858-1865) he returned to biography. In 1865, Carlyle was made Lord Rector of Edinburgh. (Bowker Author Biography) vis mindre
Disambiguation Notice:

(eng) 1) CK Above
2) Erik Bruun actually wrote Test Your History IQ

Smelfungus is a name given by Laurence Sterne to Tobias Smollett as author of a volume of Travels through France and Italy, for the snarling abuse he heaps on the institutions and customs of the countries he visited.

In the 19th century it was adopted by Thomas Carlyle as a pen-name when he had any seriously severe criticisms to offer on things, particularly those that have gone or are going to the bad. Patrick Proctor Alexander also used the name in his book Mill and Carlyle, which contrasted Carlyle's views with those of John Stuart Mill. Proctor's Occasional Discourse on Sauertieg by Smelfungus attacks Carlyle's more brutal ideas.

Image credit: Helmolt, H.F., ed. History of the World. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1902.

Serier

Værker af Thomas Carlyle

The French Revolution: A History (1837) 1,264 eksemplarer
Sartor Resartus (1836) 872 eksemplarer
Past and Present (1843) 331 eksemplarer
The French Revolution I (1837) 115 eksemplarer
On Great Men (1995) 107 eksemplarer
Essay on Burns (1895) 86 eksemplarer
Reminiscences (1881) 64 eksemplarer
A Carlyle Reader (1969) 50 eksemplarer
Latter-Day Pamphlets (1983) 42 eksemplarer
Early Kings of Norway (2004) 42 eksemplarer
Critical and miscellaneous essays (1869) 39 eksemplarer
The Modern Historiography Reader: Western Sources (2008) — Bidragyder — 37 eksemplarer
The life of John Sterling (1871) 25 eksemplarer
English and other critical essays (1940) 25 eksemplarer
Scottish and Other Miscellanies (1932) 24 eksemplarer
On the Choice of Books (1900) 19 eksemplarer
Selected Writings (2015) 13 eksemplarer
The works of Thomas Carlyle (1941) 13 eksemplarer
Chartism (1840) 11 eksemplarer
Essays (2011) 9 eksemplarer
Essays on Goethe 9 eksemplarer
Shooting Niagara: And After? (2006) 8 eksemplarer
Life of Robert Burns (1859) 8 eksemplarer
German romance: specimens of its chief authors (2010) — Redaktør — 7 eksemplarer
The Works Of Goethe, Vol. VII (2012) 7 eksemplarer
Fuego y cenizas (2011) 7 eksemplarer
Tales by Musaeus, Tieck, Richter (2008) 6 eksemplarer
Lecture on Martin Luther (1926) 6 eksemplarer
Muhammad: The Hero as Prophet (2001) 6 eksemplarer
Chartism and Past and Present (1999) 5 eksemplarer
The Nibelungen Lied: An essay (1890) 5 eksemplarer
Life of Oliver Cromwell (1900) 5 eksemplarer
Complete Works of Thomas Carlyle (1885) 5 eksemplarer
The life of Frederick the Great (1912) 3 eksemplarer
The French Revolution - volume II (1908) 3 eksemplarer
Carlyle's complete works (2011) 3 eksemplarer
Essential Political Writings (2020) 3 eksemplarer
The Works Of Goethe, Vol. IX (2012) 3 eksemplarer
The diamond necklace (1913) 3 eksemplarer
Lavora non disperarti 3 eksemplarer
Characteristics (1990) 3 eksemplarer
The Carlyle anthology 3 eksemplarer
Carlyle; an anthology (1953) 2 eksemplarer
On Heroes 2 eksemplarer
[Works.] (2011) 2 eksemplarer
Miscellaneous Essays 2 eksemplarer
Sir Walter Scott 2 eksemplarer
The Works of Carlyle in 30 Vols. (1899) 2 eksemplarer
Dante e Shakespeare 2 eksemplarer
Burns and Favorite Poems (1897) — Bidragyder — 2 eksemplarer
Early letters of Thomas Carlyle (1973) 2 eksemplarer
Novalis (1987) 1 eksemplar
Autobiography 1 eksemplar
Pagine scelte 1 eksemplar
Carlyle 1 eksemplar
Biografía 1 eksemplar
Samuel Johnson 1 eksemplar
Carlyle's Works ... (2011) 1 eksemplar
John Knox 1 eksemplar
Goethe's Faust 1 eksemplar
Selected Essays (1915) 1 eksemplar
The reign of terror 1 eksemplar
Jesuitism 1 eksemplar
Selections 1 eksemplar
Carlyle, part one 1 eksemplar
The Pocket Carlyle 1 eksemplar
Carlyle's Works -Essays I-IV (1900) 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (1795) — Oversætter, nogle udgaver921 eksemplarer
The Book of Fantasy (1940) — Bidragyder — 599 eksemplarer
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Bidragyder, nogle udgaver397 eksemplarer
The Varieties of History: From Voltaire to the Present (1956) — Bidragyder — 327 eksemplarer
Bleak House [Norton Critical Edition] (1977) — Bidragyder — 305 eksemplarer
Prose of the Victorian Period (1938) — Bidragyder — 215 eksemplarer
Coleridge's Poetry and Prose [Norton Critical Edition] (2003) — Bidragyder — 198 eksemplarer
The Portable Victorian Reader (1972) — Bidragyder — 176 eksemplarer
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and Travels (1821) — Oversætter, nogle udgaver118 eksemplarer
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Bidragyder — 114 eksemplarer
Mary Barton [Norton Critical Edition] (2008) — Bidragyder — 68 eksemplarer
The Romantics on Shakespeare (1992) — Bidragyder — 36 eksemplarer
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Bidragyder — 22 eksemplarer
Wilhelm Meisters læreår - Annet bind (1796) — Oversætter, nogle udgaver22 eksemplarer
Masters of British Literature, Volume B (2007) — Bidragyder — 16 eksemplarer
An Anthology of Scottish Fantasy Literature (1996) — Bidragyder — 14 eksemplarer
Letters and memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle, vol. I (2005) — Redaktør, nogle udgaver9 eksemplarer
Letters and memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle (1983) — Redaktør, nogle udgaver9 eksemplarer
Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle Vol. II (2005) — Redaktør, nogle udgaver5 eksemplarer
Letters & Memories of Jane Welsh Carlyle Vol III (2011) — Redaktør, nogle udgaver3 eksemplarer
BYU Studies - Vol. 05, No. 3-4 (Spring/Summer 1964) (1964) — Bidragyder — 2 eksemplarer

Satte nøgleord på

Almen Viden

Fødselsdato
1795-12-04
Dødsdag
1881-02-05
Begravelsessted
Hoddam Kirkyard, Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Køn
male
Nationalitet
Schots
Fødested
Ecclesmachan, West Lothian, Scotland
Dødssted
Chelsea, UK
Bopæl
Annan, Scotland
Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland, UK
Craigenputtock, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
London, England, UK
Uddannelse
godsdienst
wiskunde
rechten
Erhverv
rector universiteit Edinburgh
vertaler Duits - Engels
essayist
Relationer
Carlyle, Jane Welsh (wife)
Priser og hædersbevisninger
Pour le Mérite für Wissenschaften und Künste (1874)
Foreign Honorary Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1878)
Oplysning om flertydighed
1) CK Above
2) Erik Bruun actually wrote Test Your History IQ

Smelfungus is a name given by Laurence Sterne to Tobias Smollett as author of a volume of Travels through France and Italy, for the snarling abuse he heaps on the institutions and customs of the countries he visited.

In the 19th century it was adopted by Thomas Carlyle as a pen-name when he had any seriously severe criticisms to offer on things, particularly those that have gone or are going to the bad. Patrick Proctor Alexander also used the name in his book Mill and Carlyle, which contrasted Carlyle's views with those of John Stuart Mill. Proctor's Occasional Discourse on Sauertieg by Smelfungus attacks Carlyle's more brutal ideas.

Medlemmer

Anmeldelser

Condition: Very Good. 1889. Hardback. 2 vols completing the French Revolution series by Carlyle. Fine in very good half leather over marbled boards, with marbled gold page edges. Covers worn at spine, but remain very good. Vol I-II.
 
Markeret
susangeib | Jul 18, 2023 |
 
Markeret
roxiejg | 11 andre anmeldelser | Jun 19, 2023 |
Epopeya histórica, más que historia, de Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881), publicada en 1837. El gran escritor inglés da en esta célebre obra una visión de los hechos típicamente epicodramática: relieve estereoscópico de fuerzas espirituales ocul­tas que afloran por simpatía bajo la pe­netrante mirada intuitiva del investigador de héroes y fuerzas heroicas, mal disimu­ladas por la apocalíptica violencia de los acontecimientos. De este procedimiento su­yo, por cuadros ricos de color, de movi­miento, erizados de sentencias, de epigra­mas que se resuelven en imágenes fulgu­rantes, Carlyle da ya memorables ejemplos en los primeros capítulos de su obra.
La obra, con sus defectos y sus parcialidades, como con sus geniales ilumi­naciones, con su ritmo épico, de la narra­ción, como con su característica interpreta­ción de la Historia pasada en función de los problemas presentes, queda como el monu­mento tal vez más notable de la historio­grafía romántica europea.
… (mere)
 
Markeret
serxius | Aug 26, 2022 |
I wasn't sure it would ever happen, but I finished Carlyle's French Revolution.
It’s tough going! Carlyle’s style is poetic, a little bit archaic, and very much idiosyncratic. The author introduces important historical figures without pausing to explain who these characters are, where they are from, or what their significance to events will be. Often people and places will be referred to interchangeably by several different names. The cadance of the text is often more akin to speech than clear-headed literature. Throw in a bunch of (sometimes untranslated) French, Latin, and Greek expressions and the result can only be confusion and bewilderment. Prudent readers will go into this book having already acquired at least some knowledge of the events it describes, else risk being irrecoverably lost. Those looking for an informative and authoritative account of the Revolution might be better served by a modern work such as Schama’s Citizens.

All that said, Carlyle’s epic of history does have its merits. Firstly, there’s something captivating in its prose, which has the quality of epic poetry mixed with thumping energy. Secondly, Carlyle has an uncanny knack for making the reader feel like they are a face peering out of the crowed watching events unfold, rather than the more sterile role of omnipotent observer in which more modern and academic histories tend to cast their reader. In the climatic chapters that detail key world-changing events (the execution of Louis XVI or Marie Antoinette, Corday’s killing of Marat, the flight to Varennes) the book is positively thrilling. Overall, then, this is an interesting book, but one to read more as a piece of literature than as an accessible historical reference. In light of this, I’d urge potential readers to peruse at least a couple of chapters (they’re short) of the eBook at Project Gutenberg to figure out if this is likely to be a work they will enjoy before taking the plunge on an expensive fine press copy.

I wrote a bit more about this book and the specific LEC edition that I read on my book blog https://ubiquitousbooks.wordpress.com/2020/07/04/the-french-revolution/
… (mere)
 
Markeret
ubiquitousuk | 11 andre anmeldelser | Jun 30, 2022 |

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Associated Authors

John Stuart Mill Contributor
Sir Walter Scott Contributor
Julian Hawthorne Introduction
Mercy Otis Warren Contributor
Carl Becker Contributor
Michel Foucault Contributor
Hester Chapone Contributor
Neil McKendrick Contributor
Émile Durkheim Contributor
David Halperin Contributor
Edward Said Contributor
George Bancroft Contributor
Thomas Kuhn Contributor
Georges Vigarello Contributor
John Stuart Mill Contributor
HENRY HOME Contributor
Cornelius Holtorf Contributor
Dugald Stewart Contributor
george fredrickson Contributor
Joan WallachScott Contributor
Leopold von Ranke Contributor
Chris Tilney Contributor
Clifford Geertz Contributor
Marc Bloch Contributor
Daniel Miller Contributor
Adam Phillips Contributor
Friedrich Engels Contributor
Erich Auerbach Contributor
Michael Ignatieff Contributor
Francis Parkman Contributor
William Godwin Contributor
Paul Ricœur Contributor
E. P. Thompson Contributor
Roy Porter Contributor
Max Weber Contributor
Fernand Braudel Contributor
Hannah Arendt Contributor
Karl Marx Contributor
David Cannadine Contributor
Bonnie G. Smith Contributor
Oswald Spengler Contributor
R. G. Collingwood Contributor
Anthony Grafton Contributor
Lucien Febvre Contributor
Hayden White Contributor
Marcel Mauss Contributor
Giambattista Vico Contributor
Jules Michelet Contributor
Ludwig Tieck Contributor
E. T. A. Hoffmann Contributor
Jorge Luis Borges Introduction, Translator
Richard D. Altick Editor, Introduction
Richard Cobb Introduction
Annie Russell Marble Editor; Introduction
Douglas Jerrold Introduction

Statistikker

Værker
420
Also by
29
Medlemmer
5,477
Popularitet
#4,549
Vurdering
3.8
Anmeldelser
54
ISBN
607
Sprog
13
Udvalgt
12

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