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A. J. Ayer (1910–1989)

Forfatter af Language, Truth and Logic

45+ Works 4,550 Members 31 Reviews 5 Favorited

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After attending Eton and Oxford University, Sir Alfred Jules Ayer studied philosophy at the University of Vienna, where he affiliated with the Vienna Circle, the school of logical positivism led by Moritz Schlick. On his return to England, he accepted an appointment in 1933 as lecturer at Oxford, vis mere and, except for his military service during World War II, he wrote and taught philosophy until his death. During World War II, Ayer was commissioned into the Welsh Guards, and in 1945 was an attache at the British Embassy in Paris. In 1946 he was appointed Grote Professor at the University of London and in 1959 Wykeham Professor of Logic at Oxford. Ayer's fame was established with the publication of his first book, Language, Truth and Logic, in 1936. This work introduced logical positivism to the English-speaking world in a clear, vigorous, and persuasive style. Building on the thought of Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein, Ayer sharpened their theses, boldly revealing the affiliations of logical positivism with traditional British empiricism, particularly the work of David Hume. Ayer claimed that only verifiable statements are true or false. He considered statements of religion or art as merely emotional expressions. For his contributions to philosophy, Ayer was knighted by the British Crown. He has provided an account of his life, at least of its professional and philosophical sides, in two autobiographies. (Bowker Author Biography) vis mindre

Værker af A. J. Ayer

Language, Truth and Logic (1936) 1,748 eksemplarer
The Problem of Knowledge (1956) 474 eksemplarer
Hume: A Very Short Introduction (1980) 434 eksemplarer
Philosophy in the Twentieth Century (1982) 253 eksemplarer
The Central Questions of Philosophy (1973) 237 eksemplarer
Logical Positivism (1959) 225 eksemplarer
Russell (1972) 181 eksemplarer
Wittgenstein (1985) 144 eksemplarer
Probability and Evidence (1972) 66 eksemplarer
Philosophical Essays (1901) 58 eksemplarer
Thomas Paine (1988) 58 eksemplarer
Voltaire (1986) 56 eksemplarer
Part of my life (1747) 56 eksemplarer
The Revolution in Philosophy (1956) 52 eksemplarer
Metaphysics and Common Sense (1969) 29 eksemplarer
The Meaning of Life (1990) 26 eksemplarer
More of My Life (1984) 12 eksemplarer
Man as a subject for science (1964) 9 eksemplarer
Philosophy and language (1960) 8 eksemplarer
The humanist outlook (1968) 5 eksemplarer
Proposiciones básicas (2010) 2 eksemplarer
On Toleration (1987) 1 eksemplar
Problem poznania 1 eksemplar
Privacy 1 eksemplar
Bertrand Russel 1 eksemplar

Associated Works

The Great Philosophers: An Introduction to Western Philosophy (1987) — Bidragyder — 421 eksemplarer
Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues (1998) — Bidragyder — 298 eksemplarer
Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings (2002) — Bidragyder — 289 eksemplarer
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Bidragyder — 182 eksemplarer
Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology (2000) — Bidragyder — 74 eksemplarer
On the logic of the moral sciences (1965) — Introduktion, nogle udgaver58 eksemplarer
The Range of Philosophy: Introductory Readings (1964) — Bidragyder — 53 eksemplarer
Leibniz (1954) — Forord, nogle udgaver50 eksemplarer
Wittgenstein and the problem of other minds (1967) — Bidragyder — 47 eksemplarer
The Reader's Guide (1960) — Bidragyder — 32 eksemplarer
Reading Philosophy of Religion (2010) — Bidragyder — 10 eksemplarer

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CUPRINS

1. Prefata - pag. 5
2. Viata si personalitatea lui Hume - pag. 7
3. Scopuri si metode - pag. 21
4. Corpuri si euri - pag. 41
5. Cauza si efect - pag. 61
6. Morala, politica si religie - pag. 82

7. Lecturi recomandate - pag. 105
8. Index - pag. 106
 
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Statistikker

Værker
45
Also by
11
Medlemmer
4,550
Popularitet
#5,525
Vurdering
½ 3.5
Anmeldelser
31
ISBN
156
Sprog
12
Udvalgt
5

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